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Table 5 Associations with different types of TCAM use

From: The utilization of traditional, complementary and alternative medicine for non-communicable diseases and mental disorders in health care patients in Cambodia, Thailand and Vietnam

Variable TCAM provider TCAM products TCAM self-help
  Adjusted Odds Ratio (95 % CI)a,b Adjusted Odds Ratio (95 % CI)a,c Adjusted Odds Ratio (95 % CI)a,d
Sex
 Female   1.00 1.00
 Male   0.70 (0.61–0.81)*** 0.57 (0.49–0.66)***
Age (in years)
 18–45    1.00
 46–60    1.43 (1.21–1.69)***
 61–101 1.19 (1.02–1.40)*   2.11 (1.75–2.55)***
Geolocality
 Rural 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Urban 0.54 (0.46–0.64)*** 1.30 (1.14–1.49)*** 0.53 0.46–0.60)***
Education
 No formal education    1.00
 Grade1–5    1.30 (1.05–1.60)*
 Grade 6–12    1.28 (1.02–1.59)*
 Postsecondary    2.07 (1.57–2.73)***
Country
 Cambodia   1.00 1.00
 Thailand   0.57 (0.48–0.67)*** 0.75 (0.63–0.90)**
 Vietnam   1.54 (1.31–1.81)*** 0.31 (0.25–0.38)***
Chronic conditions
 One 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Two 1.26 (1.05–1.51)* 1.36 (1.16–1.59)***
 Three or more 2.16 (1.74–2.55)*** 1.63 (1.37–1.95)*** 1.14 (0.99–1.32)
  1. a Backward stepwise conditional LR selection of variables
  2. b For Hosmer and Lemeshow Chi-square 4.26, df 8, 0.833; Cox and Snell R2 0.04; Nagelkerke R2 0.06
  3. c For Hosmer and Lemeshow Chi-square 33.40, df 8, 0.001; Cox and Snell R2 0.05; Nagelkerke R2 0.06
  4. d For Hosmer and Lemeshow Chi-square 19.50, df 8, 0.012; Cox and Snell R2 0.10; Nagelkerke R2 0.12
  5. ***P < 0.001; **P < 0.01; *P < 0.05