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Table 1 Sample characteristics

From: The utilization of traditional, complementary and alternative medicine for non-communicable diseases and mental disorders in health care patients in Cambodia, Thailand and Vietnam

  All Cambodia Thailand Vietnam
Variable N (%) N (%) N (%) N (%)
All 4799 1602 1596 1601
Residence
 Urban 2117 (44.3) 575 (36.1) 782 (49.2) 760 (47.5)
 Rural 2666 (55.7) 1017 (63.9) 809 (50.8) 840 (52.5)
Age (in years)
 18–45 1726 (37.2) 754 (47.1) 214 (13.5) 758 (52.3)
 46–60 1590 (34.3) 544 (34.0) 641 (40.4) 405 (28.0)
 61–101 1321 (28.5) 304 (19.0) 732 (46.1) 285 (19.7)
Gender
 Male 1611 (34.0) 357 (22.3) 646 (40.9) 608 (38.9)
 Female 3131 (66.0) 1241 (77.7) 935 (59.1) 955 (61.1)
Education
 No formal education 676 (14.1) 491 (30.7) 163 (10.3) 22 (1.4)
 Grade1–5 1410 (29.5) 539 (33.7) 776 (48.8) 95 (5.9)
 Grade 6–12 1629 (34.0) 514 (32.1) 377 (23.7) 738 (46.2)
 Postsecondary 1072 (22.4) 56 (3.5) 274 (17.2) 742 (46.5)
Religious affiliation
 None 1232 (26.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 1232 (77.6)
 Buddhist 3337 (70.3) 1522 (96.6) 1496 (94.4) 319 (20.1)
 Other religion 178 (3.7) 54 (3.4) 88 (5.6) 36 (2.3)
Chronic conditions Treated in the past 12 months, for the following conditions…
1. Hypertension 2476 (31.0) 403 (25.2) 938 (58.8) 314 (19.6)
2. Stomach and intestinal disease 2115 (28.8) 1148 (71.8) 68 (4.3) 633 (39.6)
3. Diabetes mellitus 1094 (13.7) 187 (11.7) 515 (32.3) 100 (6.2)
4. Gout and other musculoskeletal conditions, such as chronic backache 1072 (13.4) 172 (10.8) 280 (17.5) 380 (23.8)
5. Arthritis 1021 (12.9) 415 (25.9) 92 (5.8) 354 (22.1)
6. Dyslipidaemia 715 (8.9) 32 (2.0) 444 (27.9) 99 (6.2)
7. Migraine or frequent headaches 456 (6.3) 185 (11.6) 89 (5.6) 111 (6.9)
8. Cardiac failure 414 (5.2) 275 (17.2) 10 (0.6) 32 (2.0)
9. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) 359 (4.5) 198 (12.4) 44 (2.8) 15 (0.9)
10. Asthma 298 (3.7) 47 (2.9) 65 (4.1) 67 (4.2)
11. Kidney disease 298 (3.8) 112 (7.0) 40 (2.5) 96 (6.0)
12. Stroke 294 (3.7) 6 (0.4) 114 (7.1) 27 (1.7)
13. Liver disease 280 (3.5) 30 (1.9) 25 (1.6) 145 (9.1)
14. Coronary artery disease 209 (2.6) 31 (1.9) 53 (3.3) 23 (1.4)
15. Cardiac arrhythmias 175 (2.2) 22 (1.4) 30 (1.9) 72 (4.5)
16. Mental disorder 163 (2.3) 74 (4.6) 31 (1.9) 33 (2.1)
17. Thyroid disease 117 (1.5) 13 (0.8) 39 (2.4) 40 (2.5)
18. Parkinson’s disease 99 (1.4) 48 (3.0) 30 (1.9) 11 (0.7)
19. Cancer 93 (1.2) 7 (0.4) 19 (1.2) 46 (2.9)
20. Epilepsy 24 (0.3) 4 (0.2) 9 (0.6) 4 (0.3)
Number of chronic conditions – Mean (SD) (range 1–10) 1.9 (1.2) 2.1 (1.4) 1.8 (1.1) 1.6 (1.0)