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Table 2 Length of hospital stay and interventions administered during stay

From: Long term follow-up of cervical intervertebral disc herniation inpatients treated with integrated complementary and alternative medicine: a prospective case series observational study

Variables Long term follow-up group (n = 117) Non-long term follow-up group (n = 48)
n (%) mean (sd) n (%) mean (sd)
Length of hospital stay (days)   22.1 ± 12.0   17.5 ± 8.4
Complementary and alternative medicine
 Herbal medicinea 117 (100) 180.7 ± 127.1 47 (97.9) 174.8 ± 117.4
 Protocol decoction 94 (80.3) 61.9 ± 41.8 41 (85.4) 72.2 ± 44.3
 Protocol pills 100 (85.5) 89.9 ± 55.3 42 (87.5) 86.9 ± 54.6
 Acupuncture 117 (100) 33.8 ± 18.7 48 (100) 26.0 ± 13.7
 Electroacupuncture 104 (88.9) 20.9 ± 15.6 44 (91.7) 15.4 ± 11.2
 Pharmacopuncture 117 (100) 23.0 ± 12.9 48 (100) 17.8 ± 9.7
 Bee venom pharmacopuncture 50 (42.7) 19.7 ± 10.1 23 (47.9) 14.2 ± 8.4
 Chuna manipulation 98 (83.8) 12.7 ± 7.5 38 (79.2) 10.6 ± 6.1
Conventional treatment
 Analgesic medications 19 (16.2) 3.1 ± 2.7 11 (22.9) 2.1 ± 1.4
 Epidural injectionsb 6 (5.1) 1.5 ± 0.5 2 (4.3) 2
  1. aHerbal medicine protocol: A standardized herbal medicine prescription was recommended for all patients prior to commencement of study. However, the protocol allowed for individual tailoring according to patient characteristics and clinical symptoms as deemed necessary by KMDs
  2. bLocal anesthetics such as lidocaine, steroids, and anti-adhesion adjuvants were used