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Table 4 Frequency of herbal medicines used to treat anxiety symptoms and who prescribed each medicine

From: Herbal medicine use behaviour in Australian adults who experience anxiety: a descriptive study

Herbal medicine Use in previous 12 months (N = 400) Current usea Who prescribed % (n)
% (n) % (n) Self-prescribed Herbal medicine practitioner Medical doctor/psychiatrist Shop assistant Pharmacist Other CAM Other
Bacopa 2 (8) 62.5 (5) 35.7 (5) 7.1 (1) 7.1 (1) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 50 (7)
Chamomile 43 (172) 65.1 (112) 68 (119) 15.4 (27) 1.7 (3) 4 (7) 2.9 (5) 3.4 (6) 4.6 (8)
Ginkgo 13.8 (55) 47.3 (26) 42.2 (27) 31.3 (20) 3.1 (2) 3.1 (2) 0 (0) 3.1 (2) 17.2 (11)
Ginsengb 19.5 (78) 50 (39) 37.1 (33) 28.1 (25) 3.4 (3) 5.6 (5) 3.4 (3) 3.4 (3) 19.1 (17)
Gotu kola 1.5 (6) 83.3 (5) 8.7 (2) 17.4 (4) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 73.9 (17)
Kava 3.5 (14) 42.9 (6) 16.7 (5) 20 (6) 6.7 (2) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 56.7 (17)
Lavender 32.5 (130) 60.8 (79) 58.6 (82) 12.9 (18) 5 (7) 4.3 (6) 1.4 (2) 2.1 (3) 15.7 (22)
Lemon balm 8.3 (33) 57.6 (19) 32.7 (16) 22.4 (11) 2 (1) 0 (0) 0 (0) 4.1 (2) 38.8 (19)
Liquorice 11 (44) 43.2 (19) 50.8 (30) 6.8 (4) 3.4 (2) 5.1 (3) 5.1 (3) 1.7 (1) 27.1 (16)
Oats 15.5 (62) 59.7 (37) 55.1 (43) 5.1 (4) 5.1 (4) 7.7 (6) 0 (0) 3.8 (3) 23.1 (18)
Passionflower 7 (28) 60.7 (17) 29.4 (15) 15.7 (8) 7.8 (4) 2 (1) 0 (0) 0 (0) 45.1 (23)
Rhodiola 3 (12) 58.3 (7) 10.8 (4) 16.2 (6) 2.7 (1) 0 (0) 0 (0) 2.7 (1) 67.6 (25)
Skullcap 2 (8) 37.5 (3) 9.4 (3) 6.3 (2) 6.3 (2) 0 (0) 0 (0) 3.1 (1) 72 (24)
St John’s wort 19.3 (77) 39 (30) 36 (36) 23 (23) 4 (4) 6 (6) 6 (6) 2 (2) 23 (23)
Valerian 20.8 (83) 45.8 (38) 45.7 (48) 13.3 (14) 7.6 (8) 5.7 (6) 1.9 (2) 1.9 (2) 23.8 (25)
Withania 2.5 (10) 60 (6) 11.4 (4) 11.4 (4) 0 (0) 2.9 (1) 0 (0) 2.9 (1) 71.4 (25)
Zizyphus 1.5 (6) 83.3 (5) 9.7 (3) 9.7 (3) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 80.6 (25)
Other 19.8 (79) 40 (32) 26.9 (28) 8.7 (9) 9.6 (10) 3.8 (4) 0 (0) 3.8 (4) 47.1 (49)
  1. aReported as percentage of users of each herb in the previous 12 months
  2. b Either Koren or Siberian ginseng
  3. c Herbal medicine practitioner included naturopaths, Western herbalists, traditional Chinese medicine practitioners, and acupuncturists
  4. dOther CAM = includes chiropractors, nutritionists, and homeopaths
  5. eOther general = any other health practitioner not listed