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Table 1 Comparison in clinical variables between suspected dengue patient with or without CAM use (N = 306)

From: Complementary alternative medicine use among patients with dengue fever in the hospital setting: a cross-sectional study in Malaysia

Socio-demographic factors CAM Users n = 261, (%) Non-CAM Users n = 45, (%) p-value
Male 156 (86.7) 24 (13.3) 0.42
Female 105 (83.3) 21 (16.7)  
Ethnicity      
 Malay 209 (86.7) 32 (13.3) 0.17
 Non Malay 50 (80.0) 13 (20.0)  
Religion      
 Muslim 210 (86.8) 32 (13.2) 0.15
 Non-Muslims 51 (79.7) (64.7) 13 (0.3) (35.3)  
Level of Education      
 Primary 7 (58.3) 5 (41.7) 0.01*
 Secondary 133 (84.2) 25 (15.8)  
 Tertiary 121 (89.0) 15 (11.0)  
Occupation      
 No Occupation 75 (77.6) 16 (17.6) 0.37
 Blue Collar 67 (85.9) 11 (14.1)  
 Non-blue Collar 119 (86.9) 18 (13.1)  
Age (years)      
 18–27 119 (85.0) 21 (15.0) 0.87
 28–37 85 (86.7) 13 (13.3)  
 > 38 57 (83.8) 11 (16.2)  
Monthly Family Income (RM)      
 0–2500 113 (81.3) 26 (18.7) 0.13
 2501–5000 109 (87.2) 16 (12.8)  
 > 5001 39 (92.9) 3 (12.0)  
Duration of dengue fever (days)      
 1–3 18 (72.0) 7 (28.0) 0.13
 4–6 161 (85.6) 27 (14.4)  
 > 7 82 (88.2) 11 (11.8)  
  1. *There is significant association if p-value < 0.05