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Table 1 Association of socio-demographic and disease-related characteristics with CAM use in the study population (n = 180)

From: Complementary and alternative medicine use and its association with quality of life among Lebanese breast cancer patients: a cross-sectional study

Characteristics Overall CAM users CAM non-users OR (95 % CI)a
  n = 180 n = 73 n = 107  
Age (years) 53.78 ± 9.93 50.78 ± 10 55.64 ± 9.43 0.95 (0.92-0.98)
Recruitment site     
ᅟPrivate academic medical center 116 (64.4) 64 (87.7) 52 (48.6) 1
ᅟPhilanthropic general hospital 64 (35.6) 9 (12.3) 55 (51.4) 0.13 (0.06-0.29)
Marital status     
ᅟSingle 35 (19.4) 8 (11) 27 (25.2) 1
ᅟMarried 145 (80.6) 65 (89) 80 (74.8) 2.74 (1.17-6.44)
Educational level     
ᅟHigh school or less 56 (31.1) 18 (24.7) 38 (35.5) 1
ᅟUniversity degree 124 (68.9) 55 (75.3) 69 (64.5) 1.68 (0.87-3.27)
Employment status     
ᅟUnemployed 128 (71.1) 51 (69.9) 77 (72) 1
ᅟEmployed 52 (28.9) 22 (30.1) 30 (28) 0.90 (0.47-1.74)
Type of health insurance     
ᅟPrivate 44 (24.4) 22 (30.1) 22 (20.6) 1
ᅟPublic 136 (75.6) 51 (69.9) 85 (79.4) 0.60 (0.30-1.19)
Monthly incomeb     
ᅟ<500$ 36 (20.1) 9 (12.3) 27 (25.5) 1
ᅟ500-1000$ 74 (41.1) 33 (45.2) 41 (38.7) 2.42 (0.99-5.84)
ᅟ>1000$ 69 (38.5) 31 (42.5) 38 (35.8) 2.45 (1.00-5.97)
Duration of breast cancer     
ᅟ<1 year 71 (39.4) 32 (43.8) 39 (36.4) 1
ᅟ1-5 years 66 (36.7) 24 (32.9) 42 (39.3) 0.70 (0.35-1.38)
ᅟ>5 years 43 (23.9) 17 (23.3) 26 (24.3) 0.80 (0.37-1.72)
Family history of breast cancer     
ᅟNo 105 (58.3) 43 (58.9) 62 (57.9) 1
ᅟYes 75 (41.7) 30 (41.1) 45 (42.1) 1.04 (0.579-1.90)
State of breast cancer     
ᅟEarly stage 99 (55) 32 (43.8) 67 (62.6) 1
ᅟLocally advanced 44 (24.4) 21 (28.8) 23 (21.5) 1.91 (0.93-3.95)
ᅟMetastatic 37 (20.6) 20 (27.4) 17 (15.9) 2.46 (1.14-5.33)
Adhere to doctor’s recommendations     
ᅟNo 12 (6.7) 6 (8.2) 6 (5.6) 1
ᅟYes 168 (93.3) 67 (91.8) 101 (94.4) 1.51 (0.47-4.87)
  1. aResults in bold are significant at p < 0.05
  2. bThe symbol ‘$’ in this table refers to U.S. dollars