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Table 1 The association of endoscopic and laboratory findings factors

From: The association between objective tongue color and endoscopic findings: results from the Kyushu and Okinawa population study (KOPS)

  Normal EH EE EG H.pylori(+) H.pylori (+) + SAG
  (n = 218) (n = 110) (n = 35) (n = 45) (n = 56) (n = 67)
Age (years) 54.5 ± 12.0 57.3 ± 11.9 58.2 ± 10.9 56.3 ± 11.2 58.2 ± 10.5# 60.9 ± 10.9*
Male (%) 61(28.0) 48(43.6)# 20(57.1)* 14(31.1) 18(32.1) 26(38.9)
BMI(Kg/m2) 23.2 ± 3.5 24.6 ± 3.7$ 24.4 ± 4.9 23.3 ± 4.0 23.6 ± 3.6 23.5 ± 3.3
Smoking (%) 9(4.1) 8(7.3) 4(11.4) 1(2.2) 6(10.7) 4(6.0)
Pepsinogen Ι (ng/mL) 45.8 ± 22.2 49.8 ± 30.0 49.1 ± 16.2 51.5±47.8 76.1±29.8* 44.9±16.7
Gastrin (μg/L) 170 ± 311 140 ± 145 146 ± 103 167 ± 179 174 ± 263 200 ± 297
  1. EH Esophageal, EE Erosiveesophaitis, EG Erosive gastitis, SAG Serological atrophic gastritis, H.pylori(+) ant-Hpylori antibody positive # <0.05 vs Normal, $ < 0.01 vs NOrmal, * < 0.001 vsNormal