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Table 2 Within group changes over time and between group differences between ChiRunning and control

From: Training in ChiRunning to reduce blood pressure: a randomized controlled pilot study

  Bl-8wk P BL - 12wk P Change over timeb P
(post-intervention)a (follow-up)a
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)
 Within ChiRunning change −0.22 [−7.81 to 7.37] 0.948 4.33 [−3.1 to 11.77] 0.216 0.3 [−0.2 to 0.8] 0.244
 Within Control change −1.7 [−7.2 to 3.8] 0.502 −2.5 [−7.85 to 2.85] 0.318 −0.21 [−0.68 to 0.27] 0.396
 Between group difference 1.48 [−7.04 to 9.99] 0.719 6.83 [−1.48 to 15.15] 0.101 −0.5 [−1.19 to 0.19] 0.153
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)
 Within ChiRunning change −4.44 [−10.78 to 1.9] 0.145 −0.67 [−7.23 to 5.9] 0.821 −0.01 [−0.4 to 0.38] 0.961
 Within Control change −2.8 [−7.06 to 1.46] 0.172 −3.4 [−8 to 1.2] 0.129 −0.28 [−0.65 to 0.09] 0.136
 Between group difference −1.64 [−8.55 to 5.27] 0.622 2.73 [−4.54 to 10] 0.439 −0.27 [−0.8 to 0.26] 0.322
Body mass index (kg/m2)
 Within ChiRunning change −0.36 [−0.98 to 0.26] 0.218 −0.54 [−1.45 to 0.37] 0.209 −0.05 [−0.1 to −0.002] 0.042
 Within Control change −0.12 [−0.56 to 0.32] 0.555 −0.05 [−0.42 to 0.31] 0.74 −0.01 [−0.06 to 0.04] 0.726
 Between group difference −0.24 [−0.93 to 0.45] 0.472 −0.49 [−1.35 to 0.38] 0.252 0.04 [−0.03 to 0.11] 0.218
  1. Between group difference is ChiRunning - control
  2. aA negative value means a decrease from baseline
  3. bChange over time is based on linear mixed model estimates over time. The sign indicates the direction of the slope
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