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Table 3 Identified phenolic acids and flavonoids from E. elatior extracts collected from three different locations

From: Secondary metabolites constituents and antioxidant, anticancer and antibacterial activities of Etlingera elatior (Jack) R.M.Sm grown in different locations of Malaysia

  Kelantan Pahang Johor
Phenolic acids    
 Gallic acid 129.14 ± 7.54a 102.40 ± 9.07b 87.72 ± 6.74c
 Tannic acid 82.66 ± 10.6a 66.19 ± 10.56b 53.70 ± 4.62c
 Chlorogenic acid 75.79 ± 9.61a 70.45 ± 8.46a ND
 Caffeic acid 88.46 ± 7.20a 58.25 ± 4.56c 69.11 ± 4.02b
Flavonoids    
 Quercetin 89.50 ± 6.55a 77.20 ± 7.80b 64.17 ± 5.66c
 Apigenin 71.88 ± 7.19a 60.18 ± 5.06b 40.23 ± 5.21c
 Kaempferol 62.19 ± 6.58b 70.28 ± 6.22a 55.70 ± 4.83c
 Luteolin 46.69 ± 5.19a ND ND
 Myricetin 35.75 ± 7.21a 20.58 ± 5.17b 5.66 ± 4.29c
  1. All analyses are the mean of triplicate measurements ± standard deviation. Results expressed in mg/100 g DM. Means not sharing a common letter in each column were significantly different at P ≤ 0.05. ND: not detected