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Table 1 Ethnomedicinal use profile of tested medicinal plants, parts used, route of administration (ROA) and dried residue plant extract yield

From: In vitro antimicrobial activity of plants used in traditional medicine in Gurage and Silti Zones, south central Ethiopia

No. Botanical name [Family] Local name Part used Ethnomedicinal use (Local name) ROA Yield (%) Collected site Voucher no.
1 Apodytes dimidiata E. Mey. ex Arn. [Icacinaceae] Wendemu, Gefe Bark Cholera (Ye-dengiya-qar) Oral 29 08°09.349′ N At-85
038°19.713′ E
2227 m a.s.l.
2 Asparagus africanus Lam. [Asparagaceae] Yefur ded Leaf Herpes zoster Topical 21 08°01.370′ N At-176
038°21.219′ E
2031 m a.s.l.
3 Bersama abyssinica Fresen. [Melianthaceae] Hureta Seed Dandruff, wound, skin burn, scabies Topical 33 08°15.799′ N At-15
037°46.261′ E
1793 m a.s.l.
4 Cucumis ficifolius A. Rich. [Cucurbitaceae] Hulgerecho, Yafer geranger, Yale tay, Adeni debaqula Root Abdominal pain, abdominal bloating, jaundice (Qoya), anthrax (Shem-itere), indigestion Oral 17 08°02.189′ N At-157
038°31.220′ E
1826 m a.s.l.
5 Gladiolous abyssinicus (Brongn. ex Lemaire) Goldblatt & de Vos [Iridaceae] Enzerziye Bulb Toothache Topical 41 08°08.024′ ′N At-132
037°55.70′ E
2065 m a.s.l.
6 Guizotia schimperi Sch. Bip. ex Walp. [Asteraceae] Mocho Leaf Wound, dandruff Topical 32 08°01.370′ N At-45
038°21.219′ E
2031 m a.s.l.
7 Lippia adoensis Hochst. ex Walp. var. adoensis [Verbenaceae] Kessie Leaf Toothache, abdominal pain, diarrhea, indigestion Oral, Topical 22 08°02.189′ N At-59
038°31.220′ E
1826 m a.s.l.
8 Olinia rochetiana A. Juss. [Oliniaceae] Tife Bark Toothache Topical 37 08°08.024′ N At-93
037°55.70′ E
2065 m a.s.l.
9 Pavonia urens Cav. [Malvaceae] Menatef Leaf Diarrhea, indigestion, excess vomiting Oral 25 08°07.924′ N At-191
038°21.969′ E
2143 m a.s.l.
10 Premna schimperi Engl. [Lamiaceae] Teqoqi Leaf Toothache Topical 31 08°08.380′ N At-122
038°20.445′ E
2143 m a.s.l.
11 Pittosporum viridiflorum Sis [Pittosporaceae] Hunbosho Leaf TB, pneumonia Oral 34 07°43.752′ N At-251
038°06.954′ E
2002 m a.s.l.
12 Polygala sadebeckiana Gurke [Polygalaceae] Shime yeter chiza, Felfel, Qiteriye, Root Anthrax, toothache, indigestion Oral, Topical 57 08°15.799′ N At-112
037°46.261′ E
1793 m a.s.l.
13 Sida rhombifolia L. [Malvaceae] Badefacha Root Abdominal pain, amoebiasis Oral 15 08°01.370′ N At-13
038°21.219′ E
2031 m a.s.l.
14 Solanum incanum L. [Solanaceae] Embuay Fruit Dandruff, anthrax, tonsillitis, wound Oral, Topical 45 08°08.024′ N At-155
037°55.70′ E
2065 m a.s.l.
    Root Abdominal pain Oral 22   
15 Thunbergia ruspolii Lindau [Acanthaceae] (Endemic) Yangacha qomet Leaf Abdominal pain, general malaise (Michi) Oral 16 08°08.024′ N At-124
037°55.70′ E
2065 m a.s.l.
    Root Cholera, abdominal pain, hemorrhoids Oral 33