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Table 3 Effects of CCGG supplementation on serum biochemical analysis

From: Effects of combined extract of cocoa, coffee, green tea and garcinia on lipid profiles, glycaemic markers and inflammatory responses in hamsters

  Vehicle HCD CCGG-1X CCGG-2X CCGG-5X
  Mean SEM Mean SEM Mean SEM Mean SEM Mean SEM
Adiponectin (ng/mL) 33.17 0.74 31.36 0.74 31.65 1.57 36.61 2.70 36.38 1.29
Glucose (mmol/L) 8.64 0.56 10.25 0.53 8.53 0.30 8.19 0.52 8.17 0.58
Albumin (g/dL) 3.40 0.05 3.34 0.06 3.33 0.05 3.23 0.05 3.19 0.05
AST (U/L) 56.5 3.2 46.4 1.8 56.9 3.0 47.1 2.9 45.3 2.6
ALT (U/L) 68.1 2.7 88.3 4.1 82.5 4.9 101.1 10.9 93.8 5.2
Alk-P (U/L) 112.1 3.8 103.3 3.6 115.0 4.0 115.6 3.4 116.4 7.8
Bilirubin (mg/dL) 0.38 0.03 0.34 0.03 0.33 0.04 0.35 0.02 0.35 0.03
TP (g/dL) 5.55 0.08 5.55 0.10 5.48 0.05 5.35 0.10 5.26 0.09
UA (mg/dL) 0.98 0.06 0.85 0.07 1.22 0.18 1.19 0.13 1.15 0.11
Creatinine (mg/dL) 0.18 0.02 0.14 0.01 0.16 0.01 0.13 0.01 0.17 0.01
BUN (mg/dL) 20.21** 0.67 15.89 0.94 19.17* 0.22 19.74** 0.70 19.50** 0.76
LDH (U/L) 176.6 9.9 164.4 8.8 209.5 35.7 150.3 14.0 127.0 8.2
CPK (U/L) 1205.8 137.4 1036.8 198.4 923.0 126.6 553.3 93.1 458.0* 83.9
  1. Values are expressed as mean ± SEM. Statistical significance was determined using the one-way ANOVA with Tukey’s posttest
  2. *P < 0.05, **P < 0.01 compared with HCD
  3. Vehicle; vehicle control, HCD; high-cholesterol diet control, CCGG-1X; high-cholesterol diet with 311 mg/kg/d of CCGG, CCGG-2X; high-cholesterol diet with 622 mg/kg/d of CCGG, CCGG-5X; high-cholesterol diet with 1555 mg/kg/d of CCGG
  4. AST; aspartate aminotransferase, ALT; alanine transaminase, Alk-P; alkaline phosphatase, LDH; lactate dehydrogenase, CPK; creatine phosphokinase, BUN; blood urea nitrogen, UA; uric acid, TP; total protein