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Fig. 4 | BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine

Fig. 4

From: Effect of Qing’e formula on the in vitro differentiation of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells from proximal femurs of postmenopausal osteoporotic mice

Fig. 4

TGF-β1 mRNA expression. The relative expression of TGF-β1 mRNA was evaluated in cultured BMSCs 20 days after the introduction of serum treated with water (control, group A); a low concentration of QEF (group B); a medium concentration of QEF (group C); and a high concentration of QEF (group D). The expression observed in group B (1.21 ± 0.18) was not significantly different from group A (1.00 ± 0.16, P > 0.05), while the expression in groups C and D (6.23 ± 1.21 and 5.03 ± 1.01, respectively) were significantly higher than those of group A (P < 0.05). Values are expressed as the mean fold change ± SD, with the control group being set to 1; P < 0.05 compared to group A

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