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Table 2 Descriptive statistics at baseline and after eight weeks and change between baseline and follow up for integrative treatment (IT), therapeutic acupuncture (TA) and conventional treatment (CT)

From: Quality of life, sense of coherence and experiences with three different treatments in patients with psychological distress in primary care: a mixed-methods study

Outcomes IT (n = 40) TA (n = 40) CT (n = 40) IT-TA-CT IT-CT TA-CT IT-TA
  Mean SD Median Mean SD Median Mean SD Median p-value1 p-value2 p-value2 p-value2
SF36 PCS              
Baseline 45,07 11,53 46,88 43,80 10,34 42,77 46,85 9,25 46,49 ,384    
8 weeks 46,70 11,10 50,45 47,13 9,30 47,31 46,58 10,51 46,77 ,881    
Δ 1,63 9,99 ,56 3,33 8,13 1,59 -,27 9,26 ,34 ,292
Δ p-value3 ,333    ,026    ,968    
SF36 MCS              
Baseline 27,62 13,64 24,47 28,48 13,64 31,27 27,13 12,43 27,60 ,896    
8 weeks 46,14 9,35 46,14 43,41 11,90 43,58 32,65 14,08 32,38 ,001 ,001 ,001 ,476
Δ 18,52 11,84 18,35 14,93 12,34 11,98 5,52 13,59 5,27 ,001 ,001 ,002 ,163
Δ p-value3 ,001    ,001    ,011   
SOC              
Baseline 55,38 13,70 56,00 52,15 11,59 54,00 53,08 13,80 51,50 ,533    
8 weeks 68,13 9,61 68,01 64,84 10,42 64,95 56,25 13,32 56,41 ,001 ,001 ,001 ,195
Δ 12,75 11,35 10,00 12,69 10,85 11,00 3,18 11,52 2,50 ,001 ,001 ,001 ,954
Δ p-value3 ,001    ,001    ,091       
  1. SF-36: 36-item Short Form-36 health survey. SF-36 Physical Component Summary (PCS) and Mental Component Summary (MCS) and Sense of Coherence (SOC) 1Nonparametric Kruskal-Wallis test, 2Mann-Whitney-U test; p-values less than 0.017 (Bonferroni correction of p-values for multiplicity) are shown in bold, p-values for Mann–Whitney-U are shown only where Kruskal-Wallis tests were significant; 3 Wilcoxon signed rank test.
  2. Between-group comparisons of baseline scores, 8-week scores and baseline to 8-week change (Δ), as well as within-group change are shown.