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Table 3 Effect of RYR extract on serum cholesterol levels, atherosclerotic index, and LDL-C/HDL-C ratio

From: Monascus purpureus-fermented Thai glutinous rice reduces blood and hepatic cholesterol and hepatic steatosis concentrations in diet-induced hypercholesterolemic rats

Treatment groups Serum cholesterol (mg/dl) Atherosclerotic index LDL-C/HDL-C ratio
Total cholesterol HDL-C LDL-C
SP-control 74.63 ± 11.31a 53.38 ± 7.78a 4.25 ± 3.11a 0.40 ± 0.06a 0.08 ± 0.01a
SP-2 g 74.00 ± 10.73a 52.13 ± 6.66a 3.50 ± 2.00a 0.42 ± 0.04ab 0.07 ± 0.04ab
HFC-control 150.29 ± 20.51c 48.00 ± 8.41a 58.67 ± 7.76d 2.13 ± 0.71c 1.22 ± 0.15c
HFC-1 g 102.86 ± 22.22b 54.43 ± 7.55a 36.71 ± 9.69c 0.89 ± 0.19b 0.67 ± 0.12b
HFC-2 g 95.63 ± 19.98ab 51.63 ± 7.95a 30.88 ± 12.10bc 0.85 ± 0.18ab 0.60 ± 0.18ab
HFC-rosuvastatin 85.57 ± 16.23ab 50.29 ± 9.91a 19.71 ± 5.91b 0.70 ± 0.10ab 0.39 ± 0.10ab
  1. Each value is the mean ± SD (n = 8). Values with different superscript letters (a,b,c) in the same column differ significantly (p < 0.05) by the Tukey HSD test. HDL-C, high density lipoprotein cholesterol; LDL-C, low density lipoprotein cholesterol.