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Table 5 Self-efficacy data: group descriptives

From: A feasibility pilot study on the use of complementary therapies delivered via mobile technologies on Icelandic surgical patients’ reports of anxiety, pain, and self-efficacy in healing

  Group Assignment Mean SD N
GSE T1 Self-efficacy ART 3.11 0.39 25
  MI 3.16 0.40 25
  NVA 2.96 0.41 15
  NVAM 3.00 0.33 16
  Control NA NA NA
  All Participants 3.08 0.39 82
GSE T2 Self-efficacy ART 3.18 0.35 23
  MI 3.16 0.37 25
  NVA 3.05 0.40 15
  NVAM 3.00 0.40 16
  Control 3.06 0.40 24
  All Participants 3.10 0.38 103
GSE T3 Self-efficacy ART 3.19 0.38 23
  MI 3.24 0.35 23
  NVA 3.17 0.41 13
  NVAM 3.08 0.37 16
  Control 3.15 0.42 18
  All Participants 3.17 0.38 93
GSE T4 Self-efficacy ART 3.26 0.38 25
  MI 3.22 0.39 24
  NVA 3.13 0.42 15
  NVAM 3.16 0.39 15
  Control NA NA NA
  All Participants 3.20 0.39 80
  1. Note. GSE = General self-efficacy scale, 10 items; NA = not assessed; other abbreviations as in Table 2.