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Table 4 Pain data: group descriptives

From: A feasibility pilot study on the use of complementary therapies delivered via mobile technologies on Icelandic surgical patients’ reports of anxiety, pain, and self-efficacy in healing

  Group Assignment Mean SD N
NRS T1 Pain ART 2.58 2.92 25
  MI 1.78 2.24 23
  NVA 2.93 3.01 15
  NVAM 1.81 2.51 16
  Control NA NA NA
  All Participants 2.23 2.66 80
NRS T2 Pain ART 1.08 1.99 25
  MI 0.96 1.46 24
  NVA 2.29 2.84 14
  NVAM 1.31 2.24 16
  Control 2.25 2.63 24
  All Participants 1.52 2.25 103
NRS T3 Pain ART 2.58 2.70 25
  MI 2.90 2.07 22
  NVA 2.71 2.95 14
  NVAM 3.38 2.06 16
  Control 2.74 2.38 19
  All Participants 2.84 2.41 96
NRS T4 Pain ART 1.56 1.66 25
  MI 1.86 1.67 22
  NVA 1.80 2.71 15
  NVAM 2.31 1.82 16
  Control N/A N/A N/A
  All Participants 1.82 1.92 79
  1. Note. NRS = Numeric rating scale, 0–10; NA = not assessed; other abbreviations as in Table 2.