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Table 3 Type of CAM used, based on cardiac condition

From: Complementary and alternative medicine usage among cardiac patients: a descriptive study

  Type of CAM used, n (%; SE [%])
Type of heart disease Medicinal herbs Spiritual therapies/mind–body systems Physical therapies/body manipulations Alternative systems Other (including energy therapies)
Ischaemic heart disease (n = 104) 94 (90.4; 2.89) 61 (58.7, 4.82) 15 (14.4; 3.44) 9 (8.7; 2.70) 0 (0.0)
Cardiomyopathy (n = 12) 11 (91.7; 7.96) 6 (50.0; 14.43) 1 (8.3; 7.96) 1 (8.3; 7.96) 0 (0.0)
Cardiac arrhythmia (n = 6) 6 (100.0; 0.00) 6 (100.0; 0.00) 3 (50.0; 20.41) 0 (0; 0.00) 0 (0.0)
Valvular heart disease (n = 13) 10 (76.9; 13.32) 6 (46.2; 15.77) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)
Other, not specified (n = 31) 24 (77.4; 7.51) 24 (77.4; 7.51) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 6 (19.4, 7.10)
  1. CAM = complementary and alternative medicine; SE = standard error.