Skip to main content

Table 3 Grade evidence profile of auricular acupuncture vs medications comparison

From: Auricular acupuncture with seed or pellet attachments for primary insomnia: a systematic review and meta-analysis

No. of studies Design Quality assessment No. of patients    Effect Quality Importance
Risk of bias Inconsistency Indirectness Imprecision Other Treatment Control Relative (95% CI) Absolute   
Effective Rate (Measured with: CCDM-3,PSQI et al.)
8 RCT very serious1 no serious inconsistency no serious indirectness no serious imprecision none4 268/293 (91.5%) 208/282 (73.8%) RR 1.24 (1.15 ~ 1.35) 177/1000 (111 ~ 258) LOW CRITICAL
61.29% 147/1000 (92 ~ 215)
85.71% 206/1000 (129 ~ 300)
Sleep Efficiency % (Measured with: International Standard Sleep Efficiency; Better indicated by higher values)
1 RCT serious1 serious2 no serious indirectness serious 3 none4 36 36 MD 21.44 (16.30 ~ 26.58) VERY LOW IMPORTANT
Global Score On PAQI points (Measured with: PSQI; range of scores: 0-21; Better indicated by lower values)
1 RCT serious1 serious2 no serious indirectness serious 3 none4 32 31 MD -3.62 (-4.59 ~ -2.65) VERY LOW CRITICAL
Adverse Effect (Assessed with: SCL-90, TESS et al.)
4 RCT very serious1 no serious inconsistency no serious indirectness no serious imprecision none4 4/174 (2.3%) 45/164 (27.4%) RR 0.11 (0.04 ~ 0.26) 244/1000 (203 ~ 263) LOW IMPORTANT
8.62% 77/1000 (64 ~ 83)
62.50% 556/1000 (463 ~ 600)
  1. 1. Methodological quality of included studies was not high.
  2. 2. With only one study involved, there were no heterogeneity assessment results for evaluation.
  3. 3. The pooled (cumulative) sample size was lower than the optimal information size (OIS) and/or the total enrollment was less than 400 (continuous data).
  4. 4. The number of included studies is not enough to estimate publication bias temporarily.
  5. Abbreviations:
  6. 95% CI: 95% Confidence Interval.
  7. CCMD-3: Chinese Classification of Mental Disorders, 3rd version.
  8. MD: Mean Difference.
  9. PSQI: Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index.
  10. SCL-90: Symptom Check List-90.
  11. TESS: Treatment Emergent Symptom Scale.
  12. RR: Risk Radio.