Skip to main content

Table 2 The levels of thiol groups (mM) and IL-8 (pg/mL) in BALF of COPD animals treated with Z. multiflora , carvacrol, and dexamethasone (Dexa.)

From: Lung inflammation changes and oxidative stress induced by cigarette smoke exposure in guinea pigs affected by Zataria multiflora and its constituent, carvacrol

Parameter Zataria (0.4 mg/mL) Zataria (0.8 mg/mL) Zataria (1.6 mg/mL) Carvacrol (60 μg/mL) Carvacrol (120 μg/mL) Carvacrol (240 μg/mL) Dexa. (50 μg/mL)
Thiol (mM) 44.33 ± 1.84+++ 55.15 ± 1.27### 68.34 ± 4.06+,###,¶ 46.66 ± 3.52+¶ 64.08 ± 5.81# 76.01 ± 2.32+++,### 58.20 ± 1.82
IL-8 (pg/mL) 409.15 ± 6.84 375.21 ± 15.31 396.74 ± 15.84 412.53 ± 11.16 416.66 ± 16.91 383.46 ± 34.35 375.02 ± 21.15
  1. Data are presented as mean ± SEM. +; p < 0.05, +++; p < 0.001, compared to the effect of dexamethasone using unpaired t-test. #; p < 0.05, ###; p < 0.001, compared to the effect of low concentration of Z. multiflora and carvacrol, and ¶; p < 0.05, compared to the effect their medium concentration using (ANOVA) with Tukey–Kramer multiple post test.