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Table 3 Predictors of complementary and alternative medicine use

From: Utilization of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) among children from a German birth cohort (GINIplus): patterns, costs, and trends of use

  Adjusted odds ratio of utilization (and 95% confidence interval)
  Homeopathy Herbal drugs All medicinal CAM CAM providers
Gender         
 Male Reference Reference Reference Reference
 Female 1.48* (1.12–1.95) 1.36 (0.99–1.86) 1.49* (1.21–1.84) 1.19 (0.94–1.50)
Study area         
 Munich Reference Reference Reference Reference
 Wesel 0.62* (0.46–0.84) 0.97 (0.69–1.36) 0.75 (0.59–0.94) 0.57** (0.44–0.74)
Maternal education         
 Secondary school Reference Reference Reference Reference
 Junior high school 1.61 (0.96–2.68) 1.79 (0.96–3.36) 1.66 (1.12–2.45) 2.57* (1.50–4.39)
 Baccalaureate 1.72 (0.99–3.01) 2.15 (1.10–4.21) 1.71 (1.12–2.62) 2.80* (1.59–4.92)
 University degree 1.38 (0.79–2.41) 2.03 (1.03–3.98) 1.54 (1.00–2.35) 2.49* (1.42–4.36)
Household income         
 ≤60% of MEI Reference Reference Reference Reference
 60–100% of MEI 0.99 (0.65–1.51) 1.20 (0.74–1.96) 1.27 (0.92–1.77) 1.35 (0.90–2.03)
 >100% of MEI 0.87 (0.56–1.37) 0.99 (0.59–1.67) 1.08 (0.76–1.53) 1.45 (0.96–2.20)
  1. Bold numbers = significant at p < 0.05 *p < 0.01 **p < 0.0001.
  2. MEI = median equivalence income.