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Table 4 Phenol equivalence of Pakistani honeys at 50% (w/v) dilution against MDR-Salmonella typhiexpressed in Inhibine Antibacterial Units (IBU)

From: Evaluation of the antibacterial activity of selected Pakistani honeys against multi-drug resistant Salmonella typhi

Honey samples (n) Phenol equivalence % (w/v)/ IBU
0--5 6--10 11--15 16--20
Manuka (Standard) 0 0 1 0
Acacia (15) 10 0 3 2
Beri (29) 7 0 12 10
Bhaiker (5) 4 0 1 0
Black locust (3) 3 0 0 0
Black seed (5) 1 0 4 0
Citrus (12) 11 0 1 0
Clover (4) 2 0 1 1
Date palm (1) 0 0 1 0
Eucalyptus (1) 0 0 0 1
Garanda (4) 0 0 3 1
Honey dew (1) 0 0 0 1
Lavender (1) 1 0 0 0
Litchi (2) 2 0 0 0
Loquat (1) 1 0 0 0
Mustard (4) 3 0 1 0
Russian olive (5) 4 0 1 0
Shain (1) 0 0 0 1
Sun flower (5) 2 0 2 1
Walati kikher (1) 0 0 0 1
Total 51 0 30 19
  1. Key: 0–5, insignificant activity; 6–10, low activity; 11–15, significant activity; 16–20, high activity.
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