Skip to main content

Table 1 Descriptive characteristics for meditation, cancer, and health rank variables across all states (N = 50)

From: Mindfulness-based stress reduction teachers, practice characteristics, cancer incidence, and health: a nationwide ecological description

Variable Median/mean Range/SD
Meditation characteristics* Median Range
Number of certified MBSR teachers 0.16 0 - 1.12
Hours teaching MBSR 76.58 0 - 604.73
Years teaching MBSR 0.89 0 - 6.23
Years of general meditation practice 2.51 0 - 18.70
Age-adjusted cancer incidence rates (2007–2011)* Mean SD
Colorectal 50.17 5.32
Female Breast 123.43 7.32
Prostate 144.53 16.84
Lung & bronchus 79.36 16.35
Melanoma 25.66 5.32
Liver 10.06 2.55
Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma 23.07 2.10
Hodgkin’s lymphoma 3.24 0.53
Cervical 7.51 1.40
Health ranking data* Mean SD
Overall health 25.42 14.67
Mental health 24.69 14.56
  1. MBSR: Mindfulness-based stress reduction; SD: standard deviation.
  2. *Age-adjusted and per 100,000 population. Cancer data source: National Program of Cancer Registries: Incidence, WONDER online database. United States Department of Health and Human Services, Center for Disease Control and Prevention and National Cancer Institute: 2014.
  3. Note: Cancer incidence data for 49 states and the District of Columbia were included; data for Nevada were unavailable because the cancer registry did not meet publication criteria for the years under consideration and was excluded from all analyses.