Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 2 Antibacterial activity of organic solvent extract of seeds

From: Antibacterial and phytochemical screening of Anethum graveolens, Foeniculum vulgare and Trachyspermum ammi

Bacteria Extracts/Zone of inhibition (in mm)
  P 1a P 2a P 3a
  Ia IIa IIIa IVa Ia IIa IIIa IVa Ia IIa IIIa IVa
EF 27 28 26 20 28 26 29 21 27 24 28 21
SA 30 27 30 23 29 23 28 21 28 26 30 25
EC 24 19 24.5 15 22 18 22 15 24 19 23 17
KP 1 - - - - - - - - 14 11 13 12
KP 2 11 11 11 11 - - - - 13 10 12 11
PA 1 14 12 12 12 9 - 9 - 13 12 15 12
PA 2 24 16 24 14 25 19 25 13 24 21 25 18
ST 18 15 18 - 18 14 20 13 19 17 18 15
STM 1 15 13 15 - 13 12 13 10 14 11 14 12
STM 2 23 22 26 21 24 21 26 16 24 18 24 20
SF 25 19 25 15 26 23 26 19 23 21 24 18
Mean ± SD 19.18
8.681
16.55
7.891
19.23
8.948
11.91
8.491
17.64
10.670
14.18
9.938
18.00
10.826
11.64
8.201
20.27
5.833
17.27
5.587
20.55
6.362
16.45
4.503
  1. a P1: Anethum graveolens; P2: Foeniculum vulgare; P3: Trachyspermum ammi
  2. Organic extracts (I: Hexane; II: Ethyl acetate; III: Acetone; IV: ethanol)
  3. -: no zone of inhibition
  4. EF: Enterococcus faecalis; SA: Staphylococcus aureus; EC: Escherichia coli; KP 1: Klebsiella pneumoniae 1; KP 2: K. pneumoniae 2; PA 1: Pseudomonas aeruginosa 1; PA 2: P. aeruginosa 2; ST: Salmonella typhi; STM 1: Salmonella typhimurium 1; STM 2: S. typhimurium 2; SF: Shigella flexneri