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Table 4 Factors associated with CAM use

From: Complementary and alternative medicine use and cost in functional bowel disorders: A six month prospective study in a large HMO

  CAM (N = 354) No CAM (N = 658)  
  Mean(SD) or % Mean(SD) or %  
Age 51.4 (13.1) 54.6 (14.3) p < .001
Female 82.5% 71.7% p < .001
College graduate 52.8% 40.2% p < .001
Married/cohabiting 74.7% 69.3% NS
IBS Severity (IBS-SS) 237.6 (121.4) 206.8 (113.6) p < .001
Suffering from Distention 51.7% 40.1% p < .001
Mainly Constipation 19.8% 18.4% NS
Mainly Diarrhea 20.1% 19.5% NS
Depression (BSI) 5.0 (4.4) 3.5 (4.8) p < .001
Anxiety (BSI) 4.5 (5.0) 2.9 (3.7) p < .001
Somatization (BSI) 4.6 (4.4) 3.5 (3.8) p < .001
Quality of Life (IBSQoL) 75.1 (20.6) 81.0 (18.6) p < .001
Pharmacy Costs $1084 (1588) $1049 (1793) NS
Lower GI costs $628 (1142) $454 (522) NS
Total health expenditures $6059 (6628) $6111 (8771) NS
Non-prescription costs $325 (369) $192 (215) p < .001
Satisfaction with physician care at index visit (0–100) 65.9 (27.1) 68.3 (25.5) NS
Satisfactory relief of bowel Sx at follow up (% responding yes) 59.5% 63.9% p < .01
Somewhat to remarkable change in bowel symptoms 53.7% 53.7% NS