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Table 3 Complementary and Alternative Medicine use and annual cost for functional diarrhea and constipation.

From: Complementary and alternative medicine use and cost in functional bowel disorders: A six month prospective study in a large HMO

  Functional Diarrhea (N = 183) Functional Constipation (N = 159)
  Use Annual cost in $1 Use Annual cost in $1
  % Median(range) % Median(range)
Herbal Supplements/Tea     
   Ginger root/tea 14.2 40 (40–200) 16.4 40 (40–320)
   Evening Primrose oil 3.8 80 (40–280) 1.3 140 (120–160)
   Fennel Seed Tea 2.2 40 (40-40) 0.6 40 (40-40)
   Senna Tea 1.1 40 (40-40) 8.2 40 (40–240)
Massage Therapy 8.2 280 (120–400) 10.7 360 (80–400)
Yoga 8.7 80 (40–400) 6.9 40 (40–400)
Psychotherapy 2.7 120 (40–400) 2.5 380 (240–400)
Aromatherapy 3.3 40 (40–80) 5.7 120 (40–200)
Homeopathic Medications 6.0 160 (40–400) 4.4 160 (40–400)
Acupuncture 2.7 320 (160–400) 4.4 400 (200–400)
Biofeedback 0.0 0 (0-0) 0.6 40 (40-40)
Hypnosis 0.5 40 (40-40) 0.0 0 (0-0)
Any CAM 33.9 160 (40–920) 32.1 160 (40–1240)
  1. 1 Data reported for users only