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Table 2 Use of CAM, vitamin & dietary supplements, by gender

From: Self-care and adherence to medication: a survey in the hypertension outpatient clinic

  Males (%) n = 82 Females (%) n = 71 Total (%) n = 153
Used CAM 1 33 (40.2) 33 (49.3) 66 (43.1)
   Excluding Prayer 28 (34.1) 30 (42.3) 58 (37.9)
Alternative medical system    
   Chinese medicine 2 (2.4) 2 (2.8) 4 (2.6)
   Homeopathy 0 3 (4.2) 3 (2.0)
Mind-body intervention    
   Prayer 11 (13.4) 8 (11.3) 19 (12.4)
   Relaxation 6 (7.3) 7 (9.9) 13 (8.5)
   Aromatherapy 3 (3.7) 4 (5.6) 7 (4.6)
   Meditation 1 (1.2) 3 (4.2) 4 (2.6)
   Spiritual healing 0 3 (4.2) 3 (2.0)
   Yoga 0 2 (2.8) 2 (1.3)
   Tai chi 0 1 (1.4) 1 (0.7)
Manipulative/body-based    
   Massage therapy 4 (4.9) 3 (4.2) 7 (4.6)
   Acupuncture 3 (3.7) 2 (2.8) 5 (3.3)
   Reflexology 1 (1.2) 3 (4.2) 4 (2.6)
Energy therapies    
   Energy healing 0 2 (2.8) 2 (1.3)
   Magnetic therapy 1 (1.2) 0 1 (0.7)
Biological Based    
   Vitamin supplements 14 (17.1) 17 (23.9) 31 (20.3)
   Dietary supplements 11 (13.4) 6 (8.5) 17 (11.1)
   Herbal medicine3 1 (1.2)* 9 (12.7)* 10 (6.5)
   Any biological therapy 19 (23.2) 25 (35.2) 44 (28.8)
Vitamin/Dietary Supplements 2    
   Cod liver oil 11 (13.4) 10 (14.1) 21 (13.7)
   Multivitamins 4 (4.9) 7 (9.9) 11 (7.1)
   Garlic 3 (3.7) 5 (7.0) 8 (5.2)
   Vitamin C 3 (3.7) 4 (5.6) 7 (4.6)
   Glucosamine 3 (3.7) 3 (4.2) 6 (3.9)
   Vitamin B/B12 2 (2.4) 1 (1.4) 3 (2.0)
   Omega-3 1 (1.2) 1 (1.4) 2 (1.3)
   Nutritional drinks 0 2 (2.8) 2 (1.3)
   Primrose Oil 0 2 (2.8) 2 (1.3)
  1. 1CAM Modalities not used: Ayurveda, Naturopathy, Qi Gong (Alternative system), Biofeedback, Guided Imagery, Hypnosis (Mind-body interventions), Chelation (Biological), and chiropractic (Manipulative technique).
  2. 2Vitamin/diet supplements used by n = 1 (0.7%): Vitamin D, Folic Acid, Cranberry Juice, Selenium, Spirulina, Chondroitin, Silica.
  3. 3Significant p = 0.006.
  4. 4Vitamin & dietary supplements were analysed together