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Table 4 Training and beliefs associated with confidence in managing fibromyalgia

From: Attitudes towards fibromyalgia: A survey of Canadian chiropractic, naturopathic, physical therapy and occupational therapy students

VARIABLE Unstandardized regression coefficients from univariable analysis (95% CI) p-value Unstandardized regression coefficients from multivariable analysis (95% CI) p-value
Professional training:     
   PT/OT -0.20 (-0.46 to 0.06) 0.13   n/s
   DC -0.54 (-0.73 to -0.34) <0.01   n/s
   ND 0.68 (0.48 to 0.87) <0.01 0.33 (0.11 to 0.56) <0.01
FM patients are difficult to manage -0.10 (-0.21 to 0.02) 0.11   n/s
FM patients have an underlying physiological abnormality 0.02 (-0.10 to 0.13) 0.79   n/s
Symptoms of FM are primarily due to mental illness -0.06 (-0.17 to 0.05) 0.26   n/s
Clinical role in management of FM:     
   Provide symptom relief 0.08 (-0.02 to 0.17) 0.14   n/s
   Promote functional restoration 0.17 (0.05 to 0.29) 0.01   n/s
   Minimize involvement -0.27 (-0.39 to -0.16) <0.01   n/s
   Refer for further testing -0.05 (-0.13 to 0.04) 0.25   n/s
Exercises can be harmful for patients with FM 0.02 (-0.10 to 0.14) 0.73   n/s
There are effective therapies for FM 0.48 (0.38 to 0.58) <0.01 0.42 (0.30 to 0.54) <0.01
  1. 95% CI = 95% confidence interval
  2. n/s = not significant
  3. FM = fibromyalgia
  4. PT/OT = physiotherapy or occupational therapy
  5. DC = chiropractic
  6. ND = naturopathic medicine
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