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Table 3 Adjusted hazard for any-cause hospitalization in personnel reporting specific practitioner-assisted and self-administered CAM uses in the last 12 months

From: Prospective investigation of complementary and alternative medicine use and subsequent hospitalizations

CAM characteristic CAM use Hospitalized   
  Number % Number % HR* 95% CI
Practitioner-assisted CAM       
   Exercise/movement therapy 245 18.6 17 19.8 1.13 0.64, 1.97
   Massage therapies 181 13.7 12 14.0 0.98 0.51, 1.86
   Chiropractic services 113 8.6 11 12.8 1.96 1.01, 3.80
   Art or music therapy 41 3.1 0 0.0 -- --
   Acupuncture 32 2.4 5 5.8 3.92 1.53, 10.06
   Spiritual/religious healing 30 2.3 2 2.3 1.14 0.27, 4.81
   Folk remedies 30 2.3 3 3.5 1.52 0.46, 5.09
   Energy healing 24 1.8 3 3.5 2.12 0.63, 7.17
   Psychotherapy 18 1.4 3 3.5 1.57 0.46, 5.41
   Homeopathy 17 1.3 1 1.2 -- --
   Self-help group 17 1.3 0 0.0 -- --
   Hypnosis 11 0.8 0 0.0 -- --
   Biofeedback 9 0.7 0 0.0 -- --
Self-administered CAM       
   Herbal therapy 208 15.8 9 10.5 0.62 0.30, 1.26
   High-dose or mega-vitamin therapy 148 11.2 5 5.8 0.42 0.17, 1.06
   Relaxation techniques 139 10.5 9 10.5 1.97 0.47, 1.99
   Prayer or spiritual practice 132 10.0 4 4.7 0.39 0.14, 1.07
   Aromatherapy 68 5.2 2 2.3 0.37 0.09, 1.53
   Energy healing 34 2.6 3 3.5 1.28 0.39, 4.19
   Folk remedies 32 2.4 0 0.0 -- --
   Homeopathy 18 1.4 0 0.0 -- --
  1. *HR = adjusted hazards ratio; CI = 95% confidence interval.
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