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Table 2 Adjusted hazard ratios for any-cause hospitalization in personnel reporting practitioner-assisted or self-administered CAM therapies

From: Prospective investigation of complementary and alternative medicine use and subsequent hospitalizations

Characteristic Population Hospitalized   
  Number % Number % HR* 95% CI
Practitioner-assisted CAM       
   0 therapies 885 67.1 57 66.3 1.00 --
   1 therapy 254 19.3 14 16.3 0.99 0.53, 1.84
   ≥ 2 therapies 180 13.6 15 17.4 1.86 0.96, 3.63
Self-administered CAM       
   0 therapies 892 67.6 65 75.6 1.00 --
   1 therapy 237 18.0 13 15.1 0.62 0.33, 1.17
   ≥ 2 therapies 190 14.4 8 9.3 0.38 0.17, 0.86
Health conditions in past 12 months       
   0–1 conditions 216 16.4 11 12.8 1.00 --
   2–3 conditions 507 38.4 26 30.2 1.10 0.53, 2.28
   4–5 conditions 327 24.8 22 26.7 1.46 0.68, 3.18
   ≥ 6 conditions 269 20.4 27 31.4 2.22 0.99, 4.98
Bodily pain in past 4 weeks       
   None/very mild 742 56.2 45 52.3 1.00 --
   Mild 308 23.4 22 25.6 1.02 0.58, 1.79
   Moderate/severe 269 20.4 19 22.1 0.94 0.50, 1.77
Level of satisfaction with conventional medical doctor       
   Not at all or not very 196 14.9 10 11.6 1.00 --
   Somewhat 528 40.0 32 37.2 1.78 0.79, 4.02
   Very 595 45.1 44 51.2 2.30 0.91, 5.82
Level of trust in conventional medical doctor       
   Little or not at all 238 18.0 15 17.4 1.00 --
   Some 423 32.0 27 31.4 0.80 0.39, 1.66
   Completely or a lot 658 49.9 44 51.2 0.69 0.31, 1.53
General health       
   Poor or fair 65 4.9 8 9.3 1.00 --
   Good 367 27.8 27 31.4 0.45 0.20, 1.03
   Very good or excellent 887 67.3 51 59.3 0.39 0.17, 0.90
Sex       
   Male 1,029 78.0 63 73.3 1.00 --
   Female 290 22.0 23 26.7 1.25 0.72, 2.18
Age (years)       
   18–24 305 23.1 18 20.9 1.00 --
   25–31 348 26.4 17 19.8 0.64 0.30, 1.36
   32–38 342 25.9 24 27.9 1.15 0.53, 2.48
   39–57 324 24.6 27 31.4 1.17 0.51, 2.70
Marital status       
   Single or divorced 528 40.0 27 31.4 1.00 --
   Married 791 60.0 59 68.6 1.68 0.99, 2.86
Race/ethnicity       
   White 866 65.7 54 62.8 1.00 --
   Hispanic 123 9.3 11 12.8 1.61 0.81, 3.20
   Black 190 14.4 11 12.8 0.90 0.46, 1.79
   Asian and Pacific Islander 92 7.0 6 7.0 0.77 0.32, 1.87
   Other 48 3.6 4 4.7 1.20 0.42, 3.48
Education level       
   Some high school or diploma 367 27.8 25 29.1 1.00 --
   Some college 654 49.6 37 43.0 0.85 0.49, 1.46
   College degree 298 22.6 24 27.9 1.44 0.63, 3.32
Salary       
   ≤ $19,999 260 19.7 11 12.8 1.00 --
   $20,000-$34,999 377 28.6 35 40.7 1.92 0.87, 4.22
   $35,000-$49,999 285 21.6 15 17.4 1.01 0.38, 2.64
   $50,000-$74,999 239 18.1 12 14.0 0.68 0.24, 1.95
   ≥ $75,000 158 12.0 13 15.1 1.01 0.30, 3.47
Rank       
   Enlisted 1,082 82.0 70 81.4 1.00 --
   Officer 237 18.0 16 18.6 1.02 0.40, 2.60
Service       
   Regular Navy 1,017 77.1 69 80.2 1.00 --
   Regular Marine Corps 302 22.9 17 19.8 1.17 0.64, 2.13
Occupational category       
   Combat specialists 287 21.8 15 17.4 1.00 --
   Electronic equipment repair 192 14.6 7 8.1 0.73 0.29, 1.85
   Communications/intelligence 97 7.4 5 5.8 1.17 0.41, 3.37
   Healthcare 115 8.7 16 18.6 2.63 1.21, 5.72
   Functional support 220 16.7 18 20.9 1.60 0.76, 3.35
   Electrical/mechanical repair 236 17.9 19 22.1 1.60 0.76, 3.36
   Craft workers 33 2.5 1 1.2 0.44 0.06, 3.55
   Service and supply handlers 82 6.2 2 2.3 0.52 0.12, 2.30
   Students, trainees, other 57 4.3 3 3.5 1.11 0.31, 3.99
  1. *HR = adjusted hazards ratio; CI = 95% confidence interval.
  2. Reference category.
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