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Table 1 Population characteristics by practitioner-assisted or self-administered CAM therapies

From: Prospective investigation of complementary and alternative medicine use and subsequent hospitalizations

Characteristic Population
N = 1,319
Practitioner-assisted CAM
n = 434 (32.9%)
Self-administered CAM
n = 427 (32.4%)
  Number % Number % Number %
Practitioner-assisted CAM       
   0 therapies 885 67.1 -- -- 192 45.0
   1 therapy 254 19.2 -- -- 102 23.9
   ≥ 2 therapies 180 13.7 -- -- 133 31.2
Self-administered CAM       
   0 therapies 892 67.6 199 45.8 -- --
   1 therapy 237 18.0 114 26.3 -- --
   ≥ 2 therapies 190 14.4 121 27.9 -- --
Health conditions in past 12 months       
   0–1 conditions 216 16.4 29 6.7 45 10.5
   2–3 conditions 507 38.4 145 33.4 145 34.0
   4–5 conditions 327 24.8 127 29.3 112 26.2
   ≥ 6 conditions 269 20.4 133 30.6 125 29.3
Bodily pain in past 4 weeks       
   None/very mild 742 56.2 174 40.1 228 53.4
   Mild 308 23.4 122 28.1 89 20.8
   Moderate/severe 269 20.4 138 31.8 110 25.8
Satisfaction with conventional medical doctor       
   Not at all or not very much 196 14.9 77 17.7 73 17.1
   Somewhat 528 40.0 187 43.1 185 43.3
   Very 595 45.1 170 39.2 169 39.6
Level of trust in conventional medical doctor       
   Little or not at all 238 18.0 77 17.7 88 20.6
   Some 423 32.0 140 32.3 130 30.4
   Completely or a lot 658 49.9 217 50.0 209 49.0
General health       
   Poor or fair 65 4.9 26 6.0 27 6.3
   Good 367 27.8 146 33.6 108 25.3
   Very good or excellent 887 67.3 262 60.4 292 68.4
Sex       
   Male 1,029 78.0 323 74.4 301 70.5
   Female 290 22.0 111 25.6 126 29.5
Age (years)       
   18–24 305 23.1 102 23.5 108 25.3
   25–31 348 26.4 114 26.3 102 23.9
   32–38 342 25.9 113 26.0 111 26.0
   39–57 324 24.6 105 24.2 106 24.8
Marital status       
   Single or divorced 528 40.0 199 45.9 183 42.9
   Married 791 60.0 235 54.1 244 57.1
Race/ethnicity       
   White 866 65.7 303 69.8 293 68.6
   Hispanic 123 9.3 28 6.5 37 8.7
   Black 190 14.4 59 13.6 54 12.7
   Asian and Pacific Islander 92 7.0 31 7.1 27 6.3
   Other 48 3.6 13 3.0 16 3.7
Education level       
   Some high school or diploma 367 27.8 115 26.5 102 23.9
   Some college 654 49.6 226 52.1 221 51.8
   College degree 298 22.6 93 21.4 104 24.3
Salary       
   ≤ $19,999 260 19.7 83 19.1 94 22.0
   $20,000-$34,999 377 28.6 123 28.3 111 26.0
   $35,000-$49,999 285 21.6 100 23.1 92 21.6
   $50,000-$74,999 239 18.1 79 18.2 73 17.1
   ≥ $75,000 158 12.0 49 11.3 57 13.3
Rank       
   Enlisted 1,082 82.0 362 83.4 339 79.4
   Officer 237 18.0 72 16.6 88 20.6
Service       
   Regular Navy 1,017 77.1 333 76.7 341 79.9
   Regular Marine Corps 302 22.9 101 23.3 86 20.1
Occupational category       
   Combat specialists 287 21.8 89 20.5 103 24.1
   Electronic equipment repair 192 14.6 63 14.5 56 13.1
   Communications/intelligence 97 7.4 37 8.5 32 7.5
   Healthcare 115 8.7 38 8.8 44 10.3
   Functional support 220 16.7 70 16.1 60 14.1
   Electrical/mechanical repair 236 17.9 71 16.4 72 16.9
   Craft workers 33 2.5 17 3.9 11 2.6
   Service and supply handlers 82 6.2 24 5.5 27 6.3
   Students, trainees, other 57 4.3 25 5.8 22 5.2
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