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Table 1 Associations Between CAM Use and Demographic, Psychosocial and Health-related Categorical Predictor Variables in BRCA+ Women

From: Complementary and alternative medicine use among women at increased genetic risk of breast and ovarian cancer

Variable CAM User (%) CAM Nonuser (%) p
Education    
High School or Less 6 (4.7) 6 (16.7) 0.015
Some College and Beyond 122 (95.3) 30 (83.3)  
Race/Ethnicity    
White 125 (97.7) 35 (97.2) 1.00
Non-White 3 (3.3) 1 (2.8)  
Children    
0 56 (43.8) 17 (50.0) 0.52
≥1 72 (56.3) 17 (50.0)  
Marital Status    
Single 27 (21.3) 7 (19.4) 0.91
Married/Steady Partner 91 (71.7) 27 (75.0)  
Separated/Divorced 9 (7.1) 2 (5.6)  
Previous Cancer History*    
Yes 28 (21.9) 1 (2.8) 0.006
No 100 (78.1) 35 (97.2)  
CES-D Score    
Depressed 25 (19.7) 6 (16.7) 0.68
Not Depressed 102 (80.3) 30 (83.3)  
Breast Cancer Risk Perception    
Average or Below Average Risk 3 (2.4) 1 (2.9) 1.00
Above Average Risk 121 (97.6) 33 (97.1)  
Ovarian Cancer Risk Perception    
Average or Below Average Risk 34 (27.4) 11 (32.4) 0.57
Above Average Risk 90 (72.6) 23 (67.6)  
Breast Self Exam    
Less than Once per Month 58 (46.0) 11 (31.4) 0.12
At Least Once per Month 68 (54.0) 24 (68.6)  
Mammography    
Not Following Guidelines 25 (19.5) 10 (27.8) 0.29
Following Guidelines 103 (80.5) 26 (72.2)  
Transvaginal Ultrasound *limited to 95 women with ovaries    
Not Following Guidelines 22 (29.3) 4 (20.0) 0.57
Following Guidelines 53 (70.7) 16 (80.0)  
  1. * Number of cancers by site: breast cancer = 23 (two with multiple primaries 1 = melanoma, 1 = basal cell carcinoma), ovarian cancer = 1, melanoma = 1, thyroid = 1, vaginal clear cell adenocarcinoma = 1, basal cell carcinoma = 2