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Table 1 Antimicrobial activity of T. brownii stem bark extracts

From: Antimicrobial activity and brine shrimp toxicity of extracts of Terminalia brownii roots and stem

Extracts/drugs Organisms tested
   S. aureus P. mirabilis S. typhi E. coli P. aeruginosa B. anthracis B. cereus K. pneumoniae C. albicans C. neoformans
PE IZ - - - - - - - - - -
  AI - - - - - - - - - -
DM IZ - 3.0 ± 1.0 - - 5.0 ± 1.0 4.3 ± 0.6 - - - -
  AI - 0.25 - - 0.37 0.24 - - - -
DM:M (1:1) IZ 7.3 ± 1.1 7.3 ± 0.6 - 6.0 ± 0.0 - 4.7 ± 0.6 - - 5.3 ± 0.6 4.7 ± 0.6
  AI 0.52 0.61   0.50 - 0.26 - - 0.36 0.33
M IZ 10.3 ± 0.6 - - - - 13.3 ± 0.6 7.3 ± 1.1 7.3 ± 1.1 10.0 ± 0.0 6.5 ± 0.7
  AI 0.73 - - - - 0.74 0.52 0.55 0.68 0.45
Aqua IZ 11.3 ± 1.1 - - - 8.7 ± 0.6 13.0 ± 1.7 7.3 ± 1.1 9.3 ± 0.6 10.7 ± 0.6 11.7 ± 0.6
  AI 0.81 - - - 0.65 0.72 0.52 0.70 0.73 0.82
Gent IZ 14.0 ± 0.0 12.0 ± 2.0 13.7 ± 1.1 12.0 ± 1.0 13.3 ± 1.1 18.0 ± 1.0 14.0 ± 1.0 13.3 ± 2.1 - -
  AI 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 - -
Clotr IZ - - - - - - - - 14.7 ± 0.6 14.3 ± 0.6
  AI - - - - - - - - 1.00 1.00
  1. The results are presented as inhibition zone diameters in mm. Each value represents mean ± SD (n = 3). Key: PE = petroleum ether extract; DM = dicloromethane extract; 1:1 D:M = 1:1 dicloromethane:methanol extract; M = methanol extract; Aqua = aqueous extract; Gent = gentamicin; Clotr = Clotrimazole.