Skip to main content

Table 2 Characteristics and Unadjusted Associations of Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) Use

From: Complementary and alternative medicine use among US Navy and Marine Corps personnel

Variable Study Population n = 1,305 CAM Use n = 485 (37.2%) p value
  Number % Number %*  
Gender      <0.01
   Male 1,009 77.3 338 33.5  
   Female 296 22.7 147 49.7  
Age (years)      0.99
   18–24 300 23.0 114 38.0  
   25–31 359 27.5 133 37.1  
   32–38 345 26.4 126 36.5  
   39–57 301 23.1 112 37.2  
Marital status      0.04
   Unmarried 531 40.7 215 40.5  
   Married 774 59.3 270 34.9  
Rank      <0.01
   Enlisted 1,009 77.3 356 35.3  
   Officer 296 22.7 129 43.6  
Service branch      <0.01
   Navy 949 72.7 361 38.0  
   Navy, Reserve/Guard 72 5.5 37 30.6  
   Marines 284 21.8 87 51.4  
Occupational category      0.06
   Combat specialists 285 21.8 107 37.5  
   Mechanical repair 216 16.6 72 35.3  
   Administrative 220 16.9 79 45.6  
   Electrical repair 184 14.1 65 38.3  
   Communications and intelligence 90 6.9 41 65.2  
   Health care 128 9.8 49 35.9  
   Supply 78 6.0 22 33.3  
   Craft workers 33 2.5 13 39.4  
   Technical 23 1.8 15 28.2  
   Students/trainees 48 3.7 22 45.8  
Education level      0.02
   Some high school or diploma 339 26.0 105 31.0  
   Some college 611 46.8 235 38.5  
   College degree or higher 355 27.2 145 40.9  
Race/ethnicity      <0.01
   White 871 66.7 355 40.8  
   Black 183 14.0 55 24.4  
   Hispanic 119 9.1 29 30.1  
   Asian/Pacific Islander 84 6.4 28 33.3  
   Other 48 3.7 18 37.5  
Salary      0.49
   <$19,999 245 18.8 90 36.7  
   $20,000–$34,999 365 28.0 129 35.3  
   $35,000–$49,999 275 21.1 96 34.9  
   $50,000–$74,999 249 19.1 98 39.4  
   ≥$75,000 171 13.1 72 42.1  
General health      0.19
   Very good or excellent 911 69.8 327 46.6  
   Good 336 25.8 131 39.0  
   Poor or fair 58 4.4 27 35.9  
Number of days spent in bed due to illness or injury in past year (sick days)      <0.01
   None 622 47.7 203 32.6  
   1–2 435 33.3 165 37.9  
   3–7 181 13.9 81 44.8  
   ≥8 67 5.1 36 53.7  
Body pain in past 4 weeks      <0.01
   None/very mild 763 58.5 256 33.6  
   Mild 306 23.5 111 36.3  
   Moderate/severe 236 18.1 118 50.0  
Level of satisfaction with physician      <0.01
   Very 607 46.5 198 44.2  
   Somewhat 510 39.1 204 40.0  
   Not very or not at all 188 14.4 83 32.6  
Level of trust in physician      0.12
   Completely or a lot 680 52.1 261 38.4  
   Some 395 30.3 131 33.2  
   Little or not at all 230 17.6 93 40.4  
Addiction to alcohol or drugs in the last year      0.16
   No 1,286 98.5 475 36.9  
   Yes 19 1.5 10 52.6  
Obesity in the last year      0.29
   No 1,243 95.2 458 36.9  
   Yes 62 4.8 27 43.6  
  1. * Indicates the prevalence of CAM use among that subgroup of the population.
  2. p value based on an unadjusted chi-square test of association.