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Table 2 Frequency of CAM therapy use in lifetime and past year, self-reported efficacy, and cost (The sample consists of 908 subjects receiving chronic opioid therapy)

From: CAM therapies among primary care patients using opioid therapy for chronic pain

  Lifetime use Used in the past year Number of times used in the past year Reported CAM therapy was helpful Insurance coverage paid part of the costs Paid some cost out of pocket Mean out of pocket cost in last year
Response categories:        
   Acupuncture 10.1% 7.6% n = 69 10.5 59.4% 34.1% 68.1% $522
   Chiropractic 23.6% 17.8% n = 162 14.1 80.9% 81.8% 46.3% $558
   Yoga 7.5% 6.1% n = 55 84.0 81.8% 5.9% 55.9% $162
   Massage 34.9% 27.3% n = 248 28.3 90.7% 30.8% 51.3% $486
   Prolotherapy 8.3% 5.9% n = 54 3.5 68.5% 87.7% 18.8% $365
   Herbs/supplements 9.4% 6.8% n = 62 202.8 77.4% 1.3% 89.1% $212
Other listed categories:        
   Meditation 1.7% 1.4% n = 13 264.4 84.6% 15.4% 15.4% $325
   Warm water therapy 0.7% 0.7% n = 6 33.3 100.0% 83.3% 50.0% $147
   Craniosacral therapy 0.4% 0.4% n = 4 10.3 75.0% 25.0% 75.0% $513
   Accupressure 0.3% 0.2% n = 2 76.0 100.0% 100.0% 0.0% $0
   All Others (categories listed by 2 or fewer respondents) 1.2% 1.2% n = 11 101.9 81.8% 33.3% 85.7% $913
Any CAM 64.1% 44.5% 80.1 81.6% 45.2% 54.7% $353