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Table 5 Distribution of Median Scores for the SF-12 Physical and Mental Health Subscales, by Category of CAM Use

From: Complementary and alternative medical therapy utilization by people with chronic fatiguing illnesses in the United States

CAM Category/Conventional Use Physical Health Median Score (range) Mental Health Median Score (range)
Body-based   
   Yes (n = 228) 44.8 (14.1 – 62.4) 46.3 (17.8 – 66.4)
   No (n = 623) 50.4 (12.1 – 64.9) 50.6 (14.2 – 67.6)
  (p < 0.0001) (p = 0.01)
Alternative Medicine   
   Yes (n = 64) 44.9 (18.8 – 60.1) 44.1 (19.1 – 64.7)
   No (n = 787) 49.6 (12.1 – 64.9) 49.7 (14.2 – 67.6)
  (p = 0.04) (p = 0.14)
Mind-body (excluding prayer)   
   Yes (n = 219) 44.6 (12.1 – 64.9) 44.6 (17.8 – 66.4)
   No (n = 632) 50.8 (12.7 – 64.6) 50.6 (14.2 – 67.6)
  (p < 0.0001) (p < 0.0001)
Mind-body (including prayer)   
   Yes (n = 579) 48.1 (12.1 – 64.9) 47.3 (14.6 – 66.4)
   No (n = 272) 51.4 (15.8 – 61.4) 52.5 (14.2 – 67.6)
  (p = 0.001) (p < 0.0001)
Biologically-based   
   Yes (n = 220) 48.3 (12.1 – 64.9) 44.6 (14.6 – 66.4)
   No (n = 631) 49.6 (12.7 – 64.6) 50.3 (14.2 – 67.6)
  (p = 0.36) (p < 0.0001)
Energy   
   Yes (n = 59) 41.9 (18.0 – 60.6) 43.2 (19.1 – 63.4)
   No (n = 792) 49.7 (12.1 – 64.9) 49.9 (14.2 – 67.6)
  (p = 0.003) (p = 0.001)
  1. p-values are based on the Wilcoxon test
  2. SF-12 norms by age group: 18–44 years = Physical 52.5, Mental 48.4; 45–55 years = Physical 50.2, Mental 50.8