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Table 1 List of selected essential oils and their properties.

From: In vitro antibacterial activity of some plant essential oils

Common name Botanical name (Family) Properties [37, 42, 43]
Aniseed oil Pimpinella anisum (Umbelliferae) Carminative, stimulant, expectorant, condiment and flavouring agent.
Calamus oil Acorus calamus (Araceae) Carminative, bitter stimulant, vermifuge and insect repellent
Camphor oil Cinnamomuum camphora (Lauraceae) Rubefacient, tooth powder and cosmetic agent.
Cedarwood oil Cedrus atlantica (Coniferae) Antiseptic, astringent, diuretic, fungicidal, sedative and stimulant.
Cinnamon oil Cinnamomum zeylanicum (Lauraceae) Carminative, stomachic, astringent, stimulant and antiseptic.
Citronella oil Cymbopogon nardus (Gramineae) Perfumery, mosquito repellent and flavouring agent.
Clove oil Eugenia caryophyllus (Myrtaceae) Dental analgesic, carminative, stimulant and antiseptic.
Eucalyptus oil Eucalyptus globulu s (Myrtaceae) Counter-irritant, antiseptic, expectorant, cough reliever.
Geranium oil Pelargonium graveolens (Geraniaceae) Flavouring agent and stimulant.
Lavender oil Lavandula angustifolia (Labiatae) Stimulant and flavouring agent.
Lemon oil Citrus limon (Rutaceae) Carminative, stimulant, perfuming and flavouring agent.
Lemongrass oil Cymbopogon citratus (Graminae) Flavouring agent, antiseptic and deodorant.
Lime oil Citrus aurantium (Rutaceae) Stomachic, carminative and flavouring agent.
Nutmeg oil Myristica fragrans (Myristicaceae) Stimulant, anti rheumatic and carminative.
Orange oil Citrus sinensis (Rutaceae) Stomachic, carminative and flavouring agent.
Palmarosa oil Cymbopogon martini (Graminae) Cosmetic, anti rheumatism and insect repellent.
Peppermint oil Mentha piperita (Labiatae) Digestent, stimulant and tonic.
Rosemary oil Rosmarinus officinalis (Labiatae) Carminative, stimulant and flavouring agent.
Basil oil Ocimum sanctum (Labiatae) Antibacterial, insecticidal, stimulant, stomachic and diaphoretic.
Vetiver oil Vetiveria zizanioides (Graminae) Stimulant, refrigerant, flavouring agent, stomachic and fixative.
Wintergreen oil Gaultheria fragrantissima (Ericaceae) Irritant, vermicide agent and flavouring agent.