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Table 1 Selected characteristics of survey respondents

From: Use of selected complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) treatments in veterans with cancer or chronic pain: a cross-sectional survey

Characteristic Total Sample
n = 264 N(%) or mean (SD)
CAM users
n = 72 N(%) or mean (SD)
CAM non-users
n = 192 N(%) or mean (SD)
P value
Mean age (SD) in years 65.0 (13.9) 63.1 (14.1) 65.7 (13.8) 0.82
Gender     
   Male 245 (93.5) 67 (93.1) 178 (93.7) 0.85
   Female 17 (6.5) 5 (6.9) 12 (6.3)  
Race/Ethnicity     
   White non-Hispanic 241 (91.6) 66(91.7) 175 (91.6) 0.99
   Other 22 (8.4) 6 (8.3) 16 (8.4)  
Religion     
   Catholic 150 (57.0) 41 (57.0) 109 (57.1) 0.77
   Protestant 64 (24.3) 19 (26.4) 45 (23.6)  
   Other 49 (18.6) 12 (16.6) 37 (19.3)  
Employment status     
   Employed (full or part-time, homemaker) 46 (17.6) 19 (26.4) 27 (14.3) 0.21
   Unemployed or unable to work 102 (39.1) 24 (33.3) 78 (41.3)  
   Retired 113 (43.3) 29 (40.3) 84 (44.4)  
Income     
   ≤$50 K 243 (97.2) 62 (91.2) 181 (99.4) 0.006
   >$50 K 7 (2.8) 6 (8.8) 1 (0.6)  
Education     
   <High School or GED 94 (36.2) 19 (26.4) 75 (39.9) 0.02
   ≥High School or GED 166 (63.8) 53 (73.6) 113((60.1)  
Insurance status     
   Additional insurance 111 (45.9) 43 (60.6) 68 (39.8) 0.003
   No additional insurance 131 (54.1) 28 (39.4) 103 (60.2)  
Care outside VA     
   Additional care 54 (20.5) 22 (30.6) 32 (16.7) 0.01
   No additional care 210 (79.5) 50 (69.4) 160 (83.3)  
Beliefs about cause of illness     
   Lifestyle contributes to illness 144 (54.5) 48 (66.7) 96 (50.0) 0.001
   Lifestyle does not contribute to illness 120 (45.5) 24 (33.7) 96 (50.0)  
Referring Clinic Sample     
   Pain Clinic 118 (44.7) 27 (37.5) 91(47.4) 0.15
   Cancer Clinic 146 (55.3) 45 (62.5) 101(52.6)  
  1. Percentages are based on actual numbers of persons reporting data for each item (ranges from 242–264)