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Table 3 Results of preliminary Phytochemical Screening of Baissea axillaries leaves. Chromatographic results.

From: Antimicrobial and toxicological evaluation of the leaves of Baissea axillaries Hua used in the management of HIV/AIDS patients

Secondary Metabolites Baissea axillaries extracts
   Aqueous Ethanolic
Alkaloids     
Dragendorff's reagent + +
Wagner's reagent + +
Mayer's reagent + +
1% picric acid reagent + +
Anthracene derivatives     
Combined anthraquinones - -
Free anthraquinones - -
Tannins     
Phenazone test + +
Iron complex test + +
Formaldehyde test + +
Modified iron complex test + +
Saponin glycosides     
Frothing test - -
Haemolysis test - -
Cardiac glycosides     
Keller killiani test - -
Kedde test - -
Cyanogenetic glycosides     
Sodium picrate test paper + +
Thin layer chromatography
Extract No of spots Colour in daylight Colour in UV Colour after spraying with Dragendorff R f value
Aqueous 2 colourless Light green fluorescent reddish brown 0.55
0.72
Ethanolic 2 colourless Light green fluorescent reddish brown 0.53
0.71
Paper chromatography
Extract No of spots Colour in daylight Colour in UV Colour after spraying with Ferric chloride R f value
Aqueous 1 colourless green fluorescent Violet colour 0.73
Ethanolic 1 colourless green fluorescent Violet colour 0.72
  1. Key:
  2. -- (absent); + (present)