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Table 2 Most common medicinal herbs and their reputed uses cited by public health sector physicians in Trinidad

From: A gap between acceptance and knowledge of herbal remedies by physicians: The need for educational intervention

Common name Botanical name Traditional medicinal uses identified No. (%) of physicians citing
Lemon grass Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapf. Fever, common cold, blood purifier, headache 34 (17.7)
Gingko Gingko biloba L. Enhance memory, vertigo, dementia, impotence 29 (15.1)
Marijuana Cannabis sativa L. Asthma, glaucoma, anorexia, multiple sclerosis, epilepsy, nausea/vomiting, analgesic antidepressant 26 (13.5)
Garlic Allium sativum L. Hypertension, fever, joint pain, cough, analgesic, anti-parasitic, kidney problems 24 (12.5)
Aloes Aloe vera (Aloe barbadensis Miller) Superficial wounds/cuts, dysmenorrhea, acid peptic disease, acne, skin purifier, peptic ulcer, constipation 23 (12.0)
Senna Cassia senna L. Laxative, antihelmentic, 'colon cleanser', 'blood purifier' 19 (9.9)
Noni Morinda citrifolia Linn. Hypertension, acne, diabetes, pain, immune system, prostate 18 (9.4)
Ginseng Panax ginseng C.A. Mayer Enhance stamina and memory, aphrodisiac 17 (8.9)
Echinacea Echinacea purpurea L. Moench Boost immune system, upper respiratory tract infections, common cold, acne 15 (7.8)
St. John's wort Hypercium perforatum L. Depression 15 (7.8)
Evening primrose oil Oenothera biennis Nutt. Hormonal imbalance in menopause, breast pathology and mastalgia 11 (5.7)
Saw palmetto Serenoa repens (Bartram) Small Benign prostatic hypertrophy 11 (5.7)
Wonder-of-the-world Kalanchoe pinnata (Lam.) Pers. l Swelling, earache, rash, mumps, cuts 9 (4.7)
Saffron Curcuma longa L.l Purgative, antiseptic, acne common cold, fever, cough antihistamine, menstrual problems, osteoarthritis 9 (4.7)