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Table 3 Types of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapies studied for various conditions (full/partial economic evaluations)

From: Is complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) cost-effective? a systematic review

  Acupuncture Homeopathy Manual therapy Spa therapy Mind-body therapy Hypnosis Botanical medicine Nutritional supplements Diet Biofeedback Hyperbaric oxygen therapy Miscellaneous* TOTALS†
Populations with mixed conditions‡   3/2    2/1    0/1     0/1 10
Back, neck, and/or leg pain 1/0   5/0     1/0      1/0 8
Surgery       2/1   2/0      5
Cardiac patients      2/0    1/0 1/0     4
Rheumatic disorders   0/1   1/0       1/0    3
Epilepsy          0/3     3
General costs 0/1   0/2           3
Allergy   0/1           1/0 2
Cancer chemotherapy      2/0         2
Diabetic ulcers            2/0   2
Dyspepsia 1/0 1/0            2
EENT in children   1/1            2
Headache/migraine 2/0             2
Midwifery/obstetrics           1/0   0/1 2
Miscellaneous§   1/0   2/0 1/0   1/0 1/2 2/0     10
TOTALS† 5 11 7 3 8 3 2 7 6 2 2 4 60
  1. EENT = Eye, ear, nose, and throat conditions
  2. * Miscellaneous CAM therapies include: multivitamins, shoe orthoses, electrodermal screening, and aromatherapy.
  3. † Some studies compared more than one CAM therapy. Therefore, totals exceed the number of studies found.
  4. ‡ Populations with mixed conditions include: patients with chronic disease, patients at one general practice (4 studies), long-term care workers, persons in Quebec health system, inner city children, and older adults (2 studies).
  5. §Miscellaneous conditions include: anxiety, Parkinson's, psoriasis, uterine fibroids, urinary tract infection, macular degeneration, severe burn, AIDS, obesity, and hypertension.