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Table 1 Categories of complementary and alternative medicine together with examples

From: The prevalence, patterns of usage and people's attitude towards complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) among the Indian community in Chatsworth, South Africa

Category Description / Examples
Mind-Body Interventions Biofeedback, relaxation techniques, meditation, hypnosis, imagery, yoga and t'ai chi.
Biomagnetic Therapies Exposure to strongly ionizing electromagnetic radiation and nonionising electromagnetic fields; transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation.
Alternative Systems of Medical Practice Ayurveda, Chinese medicine and homeopathy
Manual Healing Methods Osteopathic and chiropractic manipulation; physical therapy and massage; therapeutic touch
Pharmacological and Biologic Treatments Chelation therapy and intravenous ozone therapy
Herbal Medicine Various botanical remedies
Diet and nutrition Special dietary strategies to address prevention or cure. e.g. vitamin E to reduce the risk of clots; a diet based on brown rice and vegetables used to treat cancer and other chronic illnesses; the Gerson diet, which consists of raw vegetables as well as vegetable and fruit juices