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Table 3 Effect of 50% ethanolic extract of clove (S. aromaticum) on Penile reflexes (test for potency)

From: Effect of 50% ethanolic extract of Syzygium aromaticum (L.) Merr. & Perry. (clove) on sexual behaviour of normal male rats

  Mean Frequency ± SEM
Parameters Control (10 ml/kg) Clove (100 mg/kg) Clove (250 mg/kg) Clove (500 mg/kg) Sildenafil citrate (5 mg/kg)
Erections (E) 7.67 ± 1.63 8.33 ± 1.21 NS 10.50 ± 1.76** 13.80 ± 0.98*** 19.00 ± 2.64***
Quick Flips (QF) 5.17 ± 0.75 5.33 ± 1.21 NS 6.00 ± 1.22 NS 9.67 ± 1.37*** 17.30 ± 4.13***
Long Flips (LF) 2.17 ± 1.17 3.17 ± 1.50 NS 4.00 ± 1.55* 7.50 ± 1.22*** 12.00 ± 2.26***
Total Penile Reflexes (TPR) 15.01 ± 3.55 16.83 ± 7.21 NS 20.50 ± 4.53* 30.97 ± 3.50*** 48.30 ± 9.03***
  1. Tabular values are mean ± SEM, n = 6 (number of animals in each group); significant difference from control, NS: Not significant. * P < 0.05, ** P < 0.01; *** P < 0.0001.