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Table 5 Summary of Visual Analogue Scale (N = 29)

From: The effect of massage on localized lumbar muscle fatigue

  Comparison Measure Compared Measure  
Comparison M SD M SD t
After Massage to Before Massage 5.97 2.45 5.64 2.73 0.75
After Rest to Before Rest 6.01 2.23 6.87 1.88 3.03**
Change in VAS with Massage to Change in VAS with Rest 0.86 1.53 -0.32 2.34 2.69*
  1. Note. All paired t – tests have 28 degrees of freedom. * p < 0.05. ** p < 0.01.