Skip to main content

Table 1 Characteristics of the study population 1

From: Changing use of traditional healthcare amongst those dying of HIV related disease and TB in rural South Africa from 2003 – 2011: a retrospective cohort study

  Characteristic n % (95% CI)
  Total 5929 100.0  
Gender Female 2831 47.7 (46.0 - 49.5)
Male 3098 52.3 (50.4 - 54.1)
Age at death (years) 18 to 49 3283 55.4 (53.5 - 57.3)
50 to 65 1167 19.7 (18.6 - 20.8)
>65 1479 24.9 (23.7 - 26.2)
Country of origin 2 Mozambique 1823 30.7 (29.3 - 32.2)
South Africa 4101 69.2 (67.1 - 71.3)
Unknown 5 0.1 (0.0 - 0.2)
Year of death 2003 to 2005 1781 30.0 (28.6 - 31.4)
2006 to 2008 2115 35.7 (34.2 - 37.2)
2009 to 2011 2033 34.3 (32.8 - 35.8)
Residence status Temporary 1629 27.5 (26.1 - 28.8)
Permanent 4166 70.3 (68.1 - 72.4)
Unknown 134 2.3 (1.9 - 2.6)
Individual education (years completed) 0 to 5 2845 48.0 (46.2 - 49.7)
6 to 7 672 11.3 (10.5 - 12.2)
8 to 9 620 10.5 (9.6 - 11.3)
10 to 11 638 10.8 (9.9 - 11.6)
>11 921 15.5 (14.5 - 16.5)
Unknown 233 3.9 (3.4 - 4.4)
Household SEP quintile 3 1 1142 19.3 (18.1 - 20.4)
2 1249 21.1 (19.9 - 22.2)
3 1141 19.2 (18.1 - 20.4)
4 1205 20.3 (19.2 - 21.5)
5 1128 19.0 (17.9 - 20.1)
Unknown 64 1.1 (0.8 - 1.3)
Road distance to nearest health centre or clinic (km) 0 - 1 1925 32.5 (31.0 - 33.9)
1 - 3 1497 25.2 (24.0 - 26.5)
>3 2507 42.3 (40.6 - 43.9)
Illness duration (months) 0 to 1 1923 32.4 (31.0 - 33.9)
>1 to 2 621 10.5 (9.7 - 11.3)
>2 to 6 1195 20.2 (19.0 - 21.3)
>6 to 24 1142 19.3 (18.1 - 20.4)
>24 279 4.7 (4.2 - 5.3)
Unknown 769 13.0 (12.1 - 13.9)
Prior mortality rate in residence (deaths/1000 PYO) 0 2872 48.4 (46.7 - 50.2)
>0 - 10 1243 21.0 (19.8 - 22.1)
>10 - 20 985 16.6 (15.6 - 17.7)
>20 829 14.0 (13.0 - 14.9)
Cause of death HIV/AIDS and TB 2833 47.8 (46.0 - 49.5)
Other 2409 40.6 (39.0 - 42.3)
External 362 6.1 (5.5 - 6.7)
  Unknown 325 5.5 (4.9 - 6.1)
  1. 1The study population comprises adults (aged over 18) who died in the Agincourt sub-district between 2003 and 2011 for whom healthcare utilisation data was available.
  2. 2South Africa indicates those born in South Africa, Mozambique represents those who either in-migrated from Mozambique or were the children of fathers in-migrating from Mozambique.
  3. 3SEP (socioeconomic position) quintiles are a measure of the level of asset ownership in a household. Quintile 1 includes the households with the lowest levels of asset ownership and quintile 5 those with the highest levels.