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Table 5 Herbal and dietary supplements and respondents’ experiences on benefits or adverse effects

From: Reasons why Thai patients with chronic kidney disease use or do not use herbal and dietary supplements

Types of HDS (n = 14) Experience on benefits from using HDS during the follow-up period
Three different types of mushrooms, jujube (Zizyphus mauritiana) and roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa), and Boesenbergia rotunda Stable serum creatinine
A Chinese combination: Cordyceps, Angelica sinesis, deer antler velvet, five flavour berry (Schisandra chinensis) and cinnamon Stable serum creatinine
A herbal combination: Boesenbergia rotunda, mint, ginger, galangal, lemongrass, kaffir lime leaves and shallots Stable serum creatinine
Boesenbergia rotunda Stable serum creatinine
Boesenbergia rotunda and Chinese herbal medicine Stable serum creatinine
Moringa oleifera Stable serum creatinine
Blue pea (Clitoria ternatea) Stable serum creatinine
Spring bitter cucumber (Momordica cochinchinensis) and East Indian screw tree (Helicteres isora) Delay in receiving dialysis therapy
Vap ca (Houttuynia cordata) Diuretic effects
Lime (Citrus aurantifolia)  
Clerodendrum petasites (n = 2) Diuretic effects
Bitter melon (Momordica charantia) Decreased blood sugar
Centella asiatica and Moringa oleifera Decreased blood pressure
Types of HDS (n = 8) Experience on adverse effects from using HDS during the follow-up period
Protein supplements Proteinuria
Wheatgrass Tinnitus
Essence of chicken drink Increased blood sugar
Germ oil Increased body weight
River spiderwort (Tradescantia fluminensis) Increased serum creatinine
Unknown Thai traditional medicine Nausea
Thai herbal remedy containing aloe for laxative Increased serum creatinine
Thai traditional medicine for cancer called ‘Luke Klon’ Increased serum creatinine
  1. Three unknown Thai or Chinese herbal remedies were reported on a benefit of stable serum creatinine.