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Table 3 Socio demographic characteristics with comparison between female and male users of CAM

From: Gender differences in prevalence and associations for use of CAM in a large population study

  CAM 11 CAM 22 CAM 33
  Women Men   Women Men   Women Men  
  % (n) % (n) p-value* % (n) % (n) p-value* % (n) % (n) p-value*
Age    0.195    0.318    0.000
30-39 7.4 (26) 4.9 (9)   5.7 (57) 4.4 (19)   4.2 (105) 2.9 (37)  
40-59 58.6 (207) 53.8 (98)   53.9 (536) 51.4 (220)   52.5 (1297) 44.1 (555)  
60+ 34 (120) 41.2 (75)   40.4 (402) 44.2 (189)   43.3 (1069) 53 (667)  
Education    0.441    0.569    0.268
Primary/Secondary 52.3 (183) 55.8 (101)   59.9 (591) 61.6 (261)   58.5 (1432) 60.4 (751)  
College/University education 47.7 (167) 44.2 (80)   40.1 (395) 38.4 (163)   41.5 (1017) 39.6 (493)  
Self-reported health    0.984    0.962    0.439
Bad 8.2 (29) 8.2 (15)   10.3 (102) 10.4 (44)   7.9 (194) 6.8 (85)  
Neither good nor bad 30.6 (108) 31.3 (57)   33.8 (333) 33 (140)   31 (759) 32.1 (400)  
Good 61.2 (216) 60.4 (110)   55.9 (551) 56.6 (240)   61.1 (1499) 61.1 (763)  
Marital status    0.000    0.000    0.000
Single 21.2 (75) 24.2 (44)   18.8 (187) 24.1 (103)   17.3 (427) 18.7 (236)  
Married/Registrated partner 52.1 (184) 64.3 (117)   51.9 (516) 62.6 (268)   54.9 (1356) 64.3 (810)  
Widow/Widower 9.3 (33) 1.6 (3)   11.1 (110) 2.1 (9)   10.3 (254) 4.2 (53)  
Divorced/Separated 17.3 (61) 9.9 (18)   18.3 (182) 11.2 (48)   17.6 (343) 12.7 (160)  
Household income .   0.331    0.005    0.012
Low 24.5 (80) 18.5 (33)   26.6 (243) 18.4 (75)   26 (590) 21.5 (261)  
Middel 33 (108) 36 (64)   34 (310) 36.4 (148)   33.8 (766) 34.9 (423)  
High 42.5 (139) 45.5 (81)   39.4 (360) 45.2 (184)   40.2 (913) 43.6 (528)  
  1. 1CAM 1 = Use of a CAM provider minimum 4 times last year.
  2. 2CAM 2 = Use of a CAM provider last year.
  3. 3CAM 3 = Use of a CAM provider, CAM OTC products or CAM techniques last year.
  4. *Pearson Chi-Square test.
  5. Comparison between female and male users of CAM.
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