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Table 1 Assignment of 1 H NMR spectral peaks obtained from P. ginseng berry extract analyzed by using D 2 O solvent. S: singlet, d: doublet, t: triplet, m: multiplet, dd: doublet of doublet

From: Classification of ginseng berry (Panax ginseng C.A. MEYER) extract using 1H NMR spectroscopy and its inhibition of lipid accumulation in 3 T3-L1 cells

No Compounds Chemical shift (δ), Peak multiplicity, J value (Hz)
1 Leucine 0.95 (d, J = 6.0)
2 Valine 0.99 (d, J = 5.4), 1.03 (d, J = 7.1)
3 Threonine 1.32(d, J = 6.9)
4 Alanine 1.47 (d, J = 7.3)
5 Glutamate 2.10-2.16(m), 2.29 (t, J = 7.4, 2.48-2.48 (m)
6 Glutamine 2.10-2.16 (m), 2.40-2.48 (m)
7 Asparagine 2.85 (dd, J = 16.9, 7.7), 2.94 (dd, J = 16.9, 4.2)
8 2-Oxoglutaric acid 3.00 (t, J = 7.2)
9 Malonate 3.19 (s)
10 Glucose 3.21-3.25(m), 3.36-3.43 (m), 3.43-3.54 (m), 3.67-3.82 (m), 3.89 (dd, J = 11.9, 1.6), 4.63 (d, J = 8.0), 5.22 (d, J = 3.8)
11 Fumarate 6.51 (s)
12 Tyramine, 6.89 (d, J = 8.5), 7.18 (d, J = 8.3)
13 Tyrosine 6.89 (d, J = 8.5), 7.18 (d, J = 8.3)
14 Phenylalanine 7.31 (d, J = 7.8), 7.36 (t, J = 7.3), 7.41 (t, J = 7.6)
15 Formate 8.44 (s)
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