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Table 2 Patterns of the use of CAM

From: Patterns and determinants of the use of complementary and alternative medicine: a cross-sectional study of hypertensive patients in Ghana

Variable Frequency Percentage
CAM use (N = 400)   
Yes 78 19.50
No 322 80.50
CAM type (n = 78)   
Alternative Medical Practice 16 20.51
Mind & body interventions 10 12.82
Biological Based Therapies (BBT) 51 65.38
Manipulative & body-based methods 1 1.28
Energy therapies 0 0
Types of BBT (n = 51)   
‘Bitter leaves’ 2 3.92
Moringa 3 5.88
Garlic 5 9.80
Dandylion 4 7.84
Mahogany 3 5.88
Pear leaves 2 3.92
‘Nyame dua’ (God’s tree) 1 1.96
‘Tsotso’ 1 1.96
Herbal mixtures 9 17.65
‘Bitter leaves’ + dandylion + moringa 7 13.73
Garlic + dandylion 6 11.76
Dandylion + moringa 5 9.80
Cotton plant 3 5.88
Source of acquiring BBT (n = 51)   
Farm/Backyard garden 19 37.25
Family/friends 4 7.84
Purchase from:   
Market 11 21.57
Pharmacy 6 11.76
Herbalist 3 5.88
Gym 3 5.88
General clinic 2 3.92
Herbal clinic 1 1.96
Hawkers 1 1.96
Church 1 1.96
Disclosure of CAM use (n = 78)   
Yes 24 30.77
No 54 69.23
Reasons for non-disclosure   
Fear 19 35.00
Lack of inquiry 16 29.60
Not necessary 15 27.80
Just started CAM use 3 5.56
Spiritual matter 1 1.85