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Table 2 Perception of safety and efficacy of herbal medicine and Western medicine (particularly pharmaceuticals) during pregnancy

From: Use of herbal medicine during pregnancy among women with access to public healthcare in Nairobi, Kenya: a cross-sectional survey

  Agree (%) Disagree (%) Not sure (%) Pearson-Chi Square
  User Non-users User Non-user User Non-user
Safety of herbal medicine        χ 2 df Exact p-value
Most Western medicine not safe for me (mother) during pregnancy 15 10.6 85 85.7 0 3.8 2.122 2 0.358
Most Western medicine not safe for my baby during pregnancy 15.0 10.2 85 86 0 3.8 2.244 2 0.314
Most herbal medicine is not safe for me during pregnancy 27.5 65.2 42.5 5.5 30 29.3 56.315 2 < 0.001
Most herbal medicine is not safe for my baby during pregnancy 27.5 64.5 42.5 4.8 30 29.7 54.449 2 < 0.001
Most herbal medicine is natural 77.5 26.3 12.5 45.7 10 28 42.191 2 < 0.001
Most herbal medicine is safe 71.8 20.8 10.3 45.7 17.9 33.4 46.400 2 < 0.001
Efficacy of herbal medicine          
Herbals beneficial if recommended by doctor 92.3 51.8 2.5 21.8 5.1 26.2 22.491 2 < 0.001
Herbals beneficial if recommended by herbalist 46.1 14.6 38.4 57.3 15.3 27.9 22.849 2 < 0.001
Herbals beneficial if recommended by family/relative 69.2 17 12.8 55.3 17.9 27.6 53.947 2 < 0.001
There are illnesses or conditions for which herbal medicine is more effective than Western medicine 89.7 27.3 5.1 49.1 5.1 23.5 59.367 2 < 0.001
There are illnesses or conditions for which Western medicine is more effective than herbal medicine 97.4 87 2.6 2 0 10.9 4.725 2 0.079