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Table 1 Association of sociodemographic characteristics with herbal medicine use during pregnancy

From: Use of herbal medicine during pregnancy among women with access to public healthcare in Nairobi, Kenya: a cross-sectional survey

  Use of herbal Medicine during pregnancy (N =333) Chi-square analysis
  Yes n (%) No n (%) X 2 , df p-value
Age     
< 30 y 21 (10.9) 172 (89.1) 0.556, 1 0.497
≥ 30 y 19 (13.6) 121 (86.4)
Education     
no formal education 4 (50) 4 (50) 12.081, 3 0.007
primary education 13 (13.4) 84 (86.6)
secondary education 17 (10.7) 142 (89.3)
tertiary education 6 (8.7) 63 (91.3)
Number of children     
one child 10 (9.8) 92 (90.2) 2.547, 2 0.288
two children 13 (10.3) 113 (89.7)
three or more children 17 (16.2) 88 (83.8)
Marital status     
never married 7 (8.3) 77 (91.6) 4.475, 2 0.107
married 27 (12.1) 197 (87.9)
not currently married 6 (24) 19 (76)
Distance to health facility     
not far, <5 km 11 (10.7) 92 (89.3) 0.998, 2 0.614
somewhat far, 5–10 km 13 (10.8) 107 (89.2)
far, >10 km 16 (14.5) 94 (85.5)
Antenatal care attendance     
twice or less 3 (30) 7 (70)   Fishers’ Exact: 0.100
three times or more 35 (11.2) 287 (88.8)  
Ever use before index pregnancy     
yes 37 (26.8) 101 (73.2) 48.837, 1 < 0.001
no 3 (1.5) 192 (98.5)